FinalExamReview.docx

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Classics
Course
CLASSICS 1A03
Professor
1
CLASSICS 1A03: INTRODUCTION TO CLASSICAL ARCHAEOLOGY
REVIEW FOR THE FINAL EXAM: 7 DECEMBER 2012
Format of the Exam: 1) Short answer/fill in the blank 2) Slide Questions 3) Essay 4) Map of Rome. The final
exam will cover all material from lectures and from all assigned reading from the entire semester.
Essay: A thematic question that will examine one category of archaeological evidence and ask you to trace its
development across different periods.
What is Archaeology?
Scientific study of material culture… aka objects used by cultural groups (jewellery, coins)
Excavations most common form of culture
Archaeology Methods:
1. Discovery & Retrieval of Artifacts
Excavation from depositions allows us to find chronological relationships between artifacts
2. Interpretation
Identification of object by type; fit into re-established category based on use
Determining date & place of product and maker
Determine role of object within culture most difficult seeing artifact through THEIR eyes
Archaeology Field Method:
Excavation by Stratigraphy:
Excavation by removal of strata (horizontal layers) of soil
Stratum= a deposition of soil accumulation over time
New topsoil seals earlier deposits
Sealed deposit= archaeological context
Stratigraphy= sequence of deposits of strata placed one above the other
Principle of Stratigraphy:
Lower strata are more ancient than upper strata used to determine
Stratigraphy used to determine relative date or relative chronology
Relative Date vs. Absolute Date:
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RD= point of reference is another artifact/ event
AD= date on fixed chronological scale that allows identification known
Ex. Ben arrived Sept 24, 2004 (AD)
John arrived before Jack (RD)
Classical Archaeology
o Field archaeology; Historical resources (written records: history, literature, myth); Iconography
The Bronze Age in the Mediterranean
o Minoan Culture, New Palace Period (1700-1450 BC)
Minoan Palaces: Knossos, Mallia, Phaistos, Kato Zakro
Diagnostic features of Minoan Palaces
o West Entrance
o Storerooms (with pithoi)
o Central Courtyard
o Theatral Area
o Pillar Crypt (Ritual Space)
Minoan Frescos (New Palace Period 1700-1450 BC)
Palace Life
o La Parisienne
o Bull-leaping
o Grandstand Fresco
Natural World
o Flora and Fauna
Minoan Pottery, Sculpture and stonework
Snake Goddess; Marine Style and Palace Style Pottery; Harvester Vase; Bull’s Head Rhyton
Sarcophagus from Hagia Triada (funerary scenes represented)
Minoan Writing = Linear A (Phaistos Disk)
Minos in Greek Mythology, the Labyrinth and Daedalus
Thera (eruption c. 1600 BC)
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Document Summary

Review for the final exam: 7 december 2012. Format of the exam: 1) short answer/fill in the blank 2) slide questions 3) essay 4) map of rome. The final exam will cover all material from lectures and from all assigned reading from the entire semester. Essay: a thematic question that will examine one category of archaeological evidence and ask you to trace its development across different periods. Scientific study of material culture aka objects used by cultural groups (jewellery, coins) Archaeology methods: discovery & retrieval of artifacts. Excavation from depositions allows us to find chronological relationships between artifacts: interpretation. Identification of object by type; fit into re-established category based on use. Determining date & place of product and maker. Determine role of object within culture most difficult seeing artifact through their eyes. Excavation by removal of strata (horizontal layers) of soil. Stratum= a deposition of soil accumulation over time. Stratigraphy= sequence of deposits of strata placed one above the other.

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