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CMST 2R03 (3)

CMST 2R03 Exam Review

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McMaster University
Communication Studies
Simon Wood

Music 2II3 Final Exam Study Guide Suggested ReadingsListening ListListening Section 2437 3944Readings Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Interlude 2 Chapters 6 7 8 interlude 3 Chapter 9 395end Chapter 10 423432 Chapter 12 497510 Topics from the TextbookTop 40 More Hits More Often 210211Hot Pants Make You Sure of Yourself 254255Atlantic Stax and Southern Soul 243249The Doors of Perception 262263Sgt Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band 267269Live from Woodstock 300301The Rise of DiscoDisco and the Hippies 395401 NOTE There WILL be at least one question on this sectionThe Roots of Punk in the United StatesThe Rise of Punk in the UK 423432 NOTE There WILL be at least one question on this sectionRap Music and Hip Hop Culture 497499DJ Kool Herc The Man with the Master Plan 500501 NOTE There WILL be at least one question on the Hip Hop sections Topics Aretha FranklinThe British InvasionOtis Redding SkiffleCivil Rights Movement mid to late 60sThe BeatlesReafricanization of cultureImportant figuresFunkEarly History and musicJames Brown history and influencesThe British Blues RevivalReafricanization of musicThe Rolling StonesFolkHistory and musicEarly HistoryInfluencesPete SeegerThe WeaversImportant figures Impact of McCarthyismSoul MusicFolk RevivalInfluencesBob DylanRelationships to civil rightsCounter CultureImportant centers of productionThe BeatsMotownMid 60s revivalProduction modelImportance of drugs and relation toBerry Gordy culture as a wholeHouse bandGrateful DeadSmokey Robinson Jefferson AirplaneThe SupremesJimi HendrixStaxWoodstockProduction modelAltamontHouse bandKent StateSam and Dave1Lecture 1 What is Popular MusicAll music because it is popular to someoneFirm line drawn between popular music and art music classical musicGenerally not considered to be folk musicFolk music made by people for their own entertainmentFolk music around since 1800sMade by people who do something else for a living amateursPopular music is music that is produced for moneyPeople trying to make a living out of itBecause we have a market involved we also need distribution methodsImportant relationship with mass media radio television records cassettes CDs digital audioThis type of music is very interconnected with changes in technologyOften talking about changes in peoples attitudesIssues of gender technology business etcMusic that we like reflects social values that are important to usProduces an audio ideal world for usThe interaction of African and European culturesThis is the most important thing that has shaped the sound of popular music todayA massive social experiment that started 400 years agoTalking about a small area of Africa on the Western coast underneath the Saharan desertThis interaction made the birthplace of rock and roll When does the history of Popular Music in the West begin1619 is when rock and roll had its roots16191863 North American Slave Trade 250 yearsTreatment of slaves was different in North and South America based on religion of slave ownersAfrican retentions more obvious in South American music4 European powers to dominate North Central and South America Spain France Portugal and EnglandSpain Catholic and Portugal Catholic controlled South and Central AmericaFrance Catholic had a big part of North America the CaribbeanNorth America was in the hands of those of British decent ProtestantCatholic nations let the slaves keep their culture and practice it while they werent workingNew Orleans had Congo Square where the slaves could meet and practice their cultureProtestants wanted to save the slaves souls as wellMusic in the Caribbean and South America sounds similar to that of West AfricaNorth American music sounds completely differentOld Alabama work song 1947Example of African American musical cultureExample of what a lot of musicologists think you might have heard if you were listening to African slaves workingThis song is not sung by slaves because there were no slaves in 1947 slavery ended in 1863Recording technology not invented until 1877 with Thomas Edisons invention of the gramophoneRace relations are fundamental to understanding why popular music sounds the way it does African retentions in music1 interest in percussive and distorted timbres quality of sound how do you distinguish one singer from another an acoustic guitar from an oboe etcDistortion indicates an overload of intensity and emotion 2 Seen as showing commitment2 value in the ecstatic and the catharticStates where you get incredibly worked upSimilar to raves loss of control3 rhythmic complexitysyncopationClassical music is simple4 use of riffs a small selfcontained piece of music that repeats creating a larger compositionWhat is the difference between a riff and a motifMotif is like Beethoven changes in almost every conceivable way in the process of creating a piece of musicRiff stays the same Whole Lotta Love by Led ZeppelinRiffs used in pop music usually in rap music in the backgroundThis is pop music showing its West African roots5 use of call and response Lecture 2 Work songIn practice slavery continued until 1865Slaves had no possessions when they came to North AmericaMade it so that they only had voices to make musicEarly music is all vocal acapellaIn Catholic areas slaves had access to drumsPass timeset pace coordinate workSongs and music for everything not just for leisure as was the case in EuropeSong leader set the pace so that everyone is doing their work without the slave master noticing that someone was sickImprovised songsfloating pool of verseOld Alabama recorded by Alan LomaxMusicologist who realized rural societies were changing rapidlySong of chained convicts chopping down a tree with an axeRecorded previous slaves and chainprison gangs singing all the songs they knowLecture 3 Old Alabama 1947Recorded by Alan Lomax musicologistSong of chained convicts chopping down a tree with an axeRecorded previous slaves and chainprison gangs singing all the songs they know 4 3 3 4 3 3 4 4 3 4 3 3 3 4 3 3 3 a a ba a ba a ba a a ba a a bForm chart shows us how a piece of music is put togetherThe numbers represent the number of barsmeasures for each line of wordsSubgrouped beats the number of beats within each set variesMost common is subgroups of 4 classical music has 3 waltzEach subset of 4 is called a bar or a measureThe numbers tell us how many bars there areThe lower case letters refer to the line of wordsLower case letters always refer to textUpper case letters always refer to melody note patternsA verse is a larger selfcontained unit in a song 3
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