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Week 7 - chapter 7:11.docx

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McMaster University
Teal Mc Ateer

Week 7 Special Questions for midterm: Resume writing How to prepare for an interview S+T=R Groups: • What is a group? – Two or more people interacting independently(eventually interdependence) to achieve a common goal • Formal versus Informal – Formal groups are established organizations to facilitate the achievement of org’l goals (they are intentionally designed) – Informal groups emerge naturally in response to common interests of the org’l members (groups that emerge naturally, join a team through free will) – eg. work on project vs. play on softball team • Why form groups? - means versus ends and personal characteristics Groups could be an important means to reach a desired outcome. (unions, hood watch) Group interactions could be desirable outcomes, the group interactions could be the reward itself You join a group since you are attracted people that are similar or join groups of people that are different to learn from them. Typical Stages of Group Development (first model read book) • Groups develop through a series of stages over time • Each stage presents the members with a series of challenges they must master in order to achieve the next stage • Not all groups go through these stages STAGES: motion of prepentcy • Storming (2): Conflict often emerges; sorting out roles and responsibilities is often at issue Battling due to differences in goals, priorities, how to structure, roles, rules, norms, methods • Adjourning (5): Group disperses after achieving goals • Forming (1): What are we doing here?, what are others like?, what is our purpose? You are getting acquainted. • Performing (4): The group devotes its energies toward task accomplishment • Norming (3): Norms are agreed on and the group becomes more cohesive Roles are formed and some sense of how to work through the task. You have non-disruptive conflict resolution. Punctuated Equilibrium Model(second model book) • How groups with deadlines are affected by their first meetings and crucial midpoint transitions • Phase 1: first meeting to midpoint of existence (precedence is set) • Midpoint Transition: need to move forward is apparent. (doesn’t have to be midpoint, usually pressure happens (sense of urgency)) • Phase 2: decisions and approaches are played out Discussion Question: • What do these two models tell organizations about managing groups? – First meeting ( or forming and norming stage) is critical – Do not look for radical progress during the beginning stages – Be sure that adequate resources are available Group Structure & Size(2 qeustions) • What is the ultimate group size? – Depends on the task (bigger is not always better) - Additive Task – Group performance is dependent on the sum of the performance of individual group members (ex building house by adding efforts of all the people)(performance increases as more people) • Disjunctive Task – Group performance is dependent on the performance of the best group member(research team looking for a single error in a computer code, only the very bright can solve it) • Conjunctive Task – Group performance is limited by the performance of the poorest (weakest) group member( assembly line can fall apart) the more you hire the more chance of a week link Group structure and size: • As groups become larger, they suffer fro
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