2ww3 video notes

5 Pages
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Department
Earth Sciences
Course Code
EARTHSC 2WW3
Professor
Mc Clelland

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VIDEO LECTURE 6  Video VIDEO:  ­ Bottled water is a billion dollar industry (costs 5x the price of tap water) ­ 1 billion people have to search for their water; spend hours a day fetching water ­ contaminated water kills 6 thousand people per day (most children under age of 5) ­ 5 billion people will live in cities in 20 years; supplying water will be a struggle ­ Johannesburg, South Africa; has riots over water ­ South Africa is the first country in the world to declare water a human right ­ public water meters measure consumption; people protesting paying for access ­ every household gets 6 kilos a month for free; if exceeded, then you have to pay ­ people are attacking water pipe illegally and cutting water measures ­ water supplies will cost more as a result of climate change ­ amount of rainfall will diminish in the next 4 years ­ South African imports water from the small mountain country Lesotho ­ signed a pact that they'll share water resources; especially to Johannesburg (1998) ­ riots broke out in Lesotho; condemned the agreement; selling their most valuable assett ­ South Africa responded with military prevention (air strikes) ­ Northern Spain has an abundance of water (more than 18 thousand rivers); south is  struggling ­ As the prosperity increases in Souther Spain, so does its demand for water ­ water being pumped up from 1.5 million illegal wells ­ Sahara desert expected to convert parts of Spain into desert ­ Egro is Spain's largest river; the south believe this water can solve their crisis ­ new government of spain suggested desalination and water conservation projects ­ the Nile flows through 10 countries and 3 climatic zones ­ Egypt and Sudan signed a treaty allowing them to all the water in the Nile ­ All of Egypt's inhabitants live along the banks of the Nile river; dependent of the 2/3 of  the Nile river; dependency is increasing  ­ Sudan is the largest country in Africa; previously unable to make use of its share of the  Nile; in the future its demands will increase (oil extraction and economical increase) ­ Sudan, aided by China is building the Merawa dam; boost development ­ the dam's capacity weakens Egypt's control of the Nile water ­ 1% of Ethiopia's land is artificially irrigated ­ Ethiopia's are building a dam ­> Africa's highest dam ­ concrete wall 200m wide across a mountain ­ countries along the white nile are also working on projects ­ channeling water from tributaries of the Nile ­ disputes over utilization of the river will cause internaional conflict ­ 1/4 of the world's population live in countries with water shortage ­ 3000 river basins in Norway ­ Noway is the sixth biggest producer of hydropower ­ monsoons cause short­term flooding in India every year ­ River link plan (India)­ line all 47 rivers into one controllable water system and in turn,  link it to rivers in the south of the country ­ 54 of Bangladesh's rivers flow through India (bramaputra) ­ Bangladesh will not be a part of the river link plan ­ Pakistan needs more water but will get less in the long r
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