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Douglas Bruce

English 3Y03 Exam Notes Wed. Dec. 7 th Alice and Wonderland Lewis Carroll - Author liked naked little girls and took pictures of them some parents were worried and rebelled but others were ok with it - Never wanted his name attached to the book - Different from other texts of the time: chaotic, no obvious morals, liberating from texts that addressed strict moral standard - First sentence: and what is the use of a book see what she is reacting to. Leaves no room to the imagination explains immediately success of the book: didnt serve utilitarian purpose - Writers construct art: they keep the audience in mind - Cards and chess as characters: chance; there are rules of a game; also serve a structural purpose to demonstrate that life is chaotic - Our world has a structure of belief that we were socialized with. Alice goes under where the structure is different therefore uncertain and chaotic to us usefulness characterizes the world up there (our world) and by leaving it she leaves usefulness - Time and space dissolved growing up and down Chapter one - She is curious: everything becomes more curious why it doesnt lead anywhere at the end - Fall: time and space different Bring time that everything is logical (cause and effect): Marmalade: logic of not wanting to drop the jar and puts in into place - Latitude and Longitude: the way she was taught. Absorbs information because she was told to but doesnt mean anything to her = satire of what/how children were taught - She thinks that the world is full of reason and that there is an answer for everything confronts chaos - Size: not logical cant explain but impossible becomes possible. Has to learn to think differently. The consequences are the same * First formal challenge to herself and to her meaning Chapter two - Identity> Who am I? - saying bye to her feet as if they are separate from her body - Was I the same web u got up in the morning? trying to bring logic in but nothing she has been taught can help her in this situation - interfering with nature - Innocence thrown by science animal instinct: the animals are not helpful or nice to her - learning about life that she has not been taught critique of century she is living in: what a child us and what she should know going down the hole like moving through age of childhood in a time when they are told to repress it Rebellion against Victorian ideals - Crocodile song: not all animals are good realism: we have multiple identities - Usefulness of art: Artist has freedom to say what they want to say Art for Art sake - Literature is always a construction - Not just reversal of values but the reversal of the thought that children and animals are innocent: busy bee poem that comes out different children are suppose to be like bees always busy and working Darwins origin of species challenging creation story religious faith increasingly questioned ~ unsentimentally replacing the bee with a crocodile and becomes much more of a realistic poem that was opposite if the ones children were taught = realism: crocodile predatory instinct to survive. This suggests that the world above isnt so certain - Something is being preached but something else is being done Chapter four - White rabbit: slave to those above him but always commands Alice the opposite in Alices world reversal of the human animal relationship but also question of identity - Underground creatures not nice: contradicts and challenges her Chapter five - Caterpillar is rude to her: not herself: deteriated in her sense of self size shifting = loss of herself - Alice thinks she can relate to animals Caterpillars response shows ludicrousness Chapter six - Lullaby of cruelty: oppose to the real poemsadism, cruelty punished for something it cant help self - Pig as metaphor of human existence - thinking of other children who might do well as pigs - The cat: the grin was the last thing to disappear: grin without a cat curious and scary - gives explanation of where she is and why she is there: were all mad here. Im mad. Youre mad. How do you know Im mad? said Alice. You must be, or you wouldnt have come here. Chapter 7 - Mad tea party center if the story - March hare: you should say what you mean say what you mean; mean what you say logic game - Twinkle twinkle little bat: star is logical because a bat does not twinkle nonsense poetry logical link is disrupted. There is no connection that can be made - Time: always 6:00 at tea time freezing timegenerally not fix, there is progress but in this world it can be fixed. Time is personified: can talk to it like a person and make it stop Chapter 8 - Queen of hearts - Game personified: everything can be alive. No distinction from animate and inanimate - Alice must not stay mad must say that it is only a pack of cards but cant say it. Nonsense! discovers the power of words - Crazy duchess: always moral critique of childrens literature; morals are over done - Trial: at the beginning she knows the names of all the things in the court: naming shows she is coming out of nonsense; learning experience - grows back to normal size at the end: identity name cards controls them; naming nonsense making it nonsense containing, classifying therefore can be delt with. Through naming she asserts herself and becomes powerful but has to grow up again. Through the Looking Glass - Motherly to the kitten - Chess board as landscape: logic rules maintained - A lot of characters trapped in looking glass - Alice as pawn: only moved forwards; wants to be queen = progress - motherly picking up king and queen to help them find their way more mature this time; wanting to help demonstrating progress - Mirror: narcissist: can lose yourself in the mirror by moving through the mirror means moving through self-centrednesssign of maturity; also able to see through the surface - Nonsense poetry throughout but Alice deals with it differently this time. Pinocchio - written after the unification of Italy author volunteered in Italian wars of independence - Collodi translates Perrau (first collector of fairytales) into Italian - concerned with education - Pinocchio was written in Florence - Fairytale beginning: once upon a time setting the stage that this is something different; not an ordinary fairytale - a common piece of wood shows that they were not wealthy - Creation of a hybrid: in-between alive and an object piece of wood is alive - Humans not entirely natural the wig something artificial that they are putting on themselves - cheery wants to turn the piece of wood into a leg for his table and Gepetto wants to turn it into a puppet that he can use to entertain for money the piece of wood is an art form for Geppetto Pinocchio runs away once he is created shows that you do not have control over your creation link to interpretation of text work of art becomes something of its own - Gepetto is sat at first sadness that can be associated with creation - New feet carved by a great artist Story of rebellion: - What shall I call him he asked?... I shall call him Pinocchio, that name will bring him good luck. - Rebels as each part of his body is constructed: naughty wooden eyes; the mouth starts poking fun disobedient and disrespectful with every piece of the body- Pinocchio runs away Gepetto gets thrown into jail authority siding with Pinocchio also comment on class struggle: the poor have no chance with authority or beaurocracy of his time powerless except for Pinocchio - The name associated with poverty will become human in the end many people did not feel they were treated as humans at the time metaphor representing political freedom - Wood: Pinocchio is safe as a piece of wood - says that he was made from the hardest wood; repeated throughout the book - feet burn off but he doesnt feel it; gold pieces in his mouth in order to protect them because his mouth cannot be pried open; defended himself from boys (school boys) defended himself like a hero able to run quickly the wood protects him - Wood also used as a metaphor: wooden head not able to think yet; just a shell has not learned about the realities of societies so he constantly finds himself in difficult situations - Always makes promises to be good but something always ends up getting in the way. Luckily, the wood can be fixed and it protects him - Gepetto: constantly says that the world is curious but never defines it poverty is a reality Poverty destroys all joy even in children; We fear the medicine more than the sicknessthe world is a sick place People put up with sick society: no agency because people are not doing anything to save themselves - Pinocchio becomes human at the end = liberations but who are the real puppets? Commentary on revolution: extension of people who lack power and after countless struggles becomes a human - Narrator always on Pinocchios side but is critical of all other characters - Always a moral: Parreau - Cinderella type fairytale good hearted fairy rags to riches: time when upward mobility was difficult but Cinderella reaches a goal normally unattainable like Pinocchio he becomes a boy - Biblical motif - transgression punishment- redemption cycle - disobedient children can never do any good in this world. same pattern continuously repeated -
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