ENGINEER 1P03 Study Guide - Final Guide: Canadian Council Of Professional Engineers, Water Bottle, Kindergarten

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Engineering 1P03 Exam Review Notes
Chapter One: Engineering and Design
1. Client: presents a problem statement, design is motivated by the client
a. Client speaks on behalf of intended user
b. Public, another stakeholder
c. Can be internal or external (gov’t making new highway)
2. Designer: have obligations to not only client and user but to their profession and the public at
largeethics are a part of design process
3. User: will operate what is being designed
Engineering Design: a systematic intelligent process in which engineers generate, evaluate and specify
solutions for devices, systems or processes whose forms and functions achieve client objectives and user
needs, while satisfying constraints.
Detailed Design: the choices and procedures are well understood because more general issues have
already been resolved
- Every design begins with a conceptual design
- Clarify the needs of the client and translate it into engineering terms
Form: the shape and structure of something as distinguished from its material
Means: a way or method to make a function happen, method used to attain an end
Objective: something toward which effort is directed; an aim or end of action
Design Objective: a feature or behavior that we wish the design to exhibit
Functionally Complete: everything is done
Benchmarks:
Translate client’s desires into objectives
Establish a set of metrics to measure the extent to which the design will meet objectives
Establish the functions that a successful design will perform
Establish the requirements
Metric: a standard of measurement; a scale on which the achievement of a designs objectives can be
measured
Requirements: : things wanted or needed; things essential to the existence or occurrence of something else;
engineering statements of the functions that must be exhibited and the attributes that must be displayed
Engineering Design Problems:
Ill structured: solutions cannot normally be founded by applying mathematical formulas
Open Ended: typically have several acceptable solutions
Communication is key in design
Learned both by doing and studying
Generate and Test: trial solutions are generated by unspecified means and tested to eliminate error
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Design for Manufacturing: the ability to make or fabricate an artifact is specifically incorporated into the
design requirements, perhaps as a set of manufacturing constraints
Concurrent Engineering: the process in which designers, manufacturing specialists and those concerned
with the products life cycle work together, along with other design stakeholders, so that they can
collectively and concurrently design the artifact together
Management: the process of achieving organizational goals by engaging in the four major functions of
planning, organizing, leading and controlling
4 Functions of Management
1. Planning: the process of setting goals and deciding how best to achieve them
2. Organizing: the process of allocating and arranging humans and non-human resources so that
plans can be carried out successfully
3. Leading: the ongoing activity of exerting influence and using power to motivate others to work
toward achieving its goals
4. Controlling: monitoring and regulating the progress of an organization toward achieving its
goals
Chapter 2 Design Process
Clarify: what the client wants so as to be able to translate those wishes into meaningful objectives (goals)
and constraints (limits)
1. Translate client’s wishes into a set of requirements (design specifications) which serve as
benchmarks
Clarifying client’s objectives: designer must fully understand what the client wants (and the users need)
from the resulting design
Performing the design tasks: requires translating the client’s objectives into the kinds of words, pictures,
numbers, rules etc. that are needed to characterize and describe the object and behavior
Describing the Design Process In Simplest Terms
2. Generation: various design concepts
3. Evaluation: tests the chosen design again metrics and requirements
4. Communication: final design to client and manufacturers/fabricators
In other words: Doing research, creating, implementing
Conceptual design Preliminary Design Detailed Design
Input: Clients Problem Statement
1. Problem definition
2. Conceptual design
3. Preliminary design
4. Detailed design
5. Design communication
Output: Final Design
Problem Definition: frames the problem by
1. clarifying the client’s original problem statement before conceptual design begins
2. frame the problem by clarifying the client’s objectives and gather the info needed to develop a
statement of the client’s wishes, needs and limits;
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