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[KINESIOL 1A03] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (164 pages long!)

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Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
KINESIOL 1A03
Professor
Maureen Mac Donald

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McMaster
KINESIOL 1A03
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
1A03 Lecture 1: Anatomical
Terminology
- Structure determines function
- Material outside the cells that give a tissue its characteristics
- Anatomical right/left is always in respect to the actual person / specimen you’re looking at
- Cephalic – towards the brain, caudal – towards the tail (superior and inferior referencing to
head, not used when referring to limbs); used for head, neck, torso
- Proximal – nearer to, distal – further away ; only used for linear structures
- Ventral – closer to naval, dorsal – closer to spine
- Arm = upper limb, leg = lower limb
oBrachial (arm) only covers shoulder to elbow, not the entire arm
oCrural (Leg) knee to ankle, not the entire leg
- Sagittal (means arrow ) – splits right from left
- Frontal / coronal – splits anterior and posterior
- Transverse – splits superior and inferior
- Diaphragm is a skeletal muscle, 1/3 of the way down; under voluntary control. Can be
involuntary or voluntary
- Mediastinum: Area between the border of the lungs
- Abdominal and pelvic cavities don`t have define borders. Thoracic bordered by ribcage,
sternum, spine; abdominal cavity is just by abdominal muscles
- “shadow borders”
- Serious membranes – lines cavity and the membrane stuck to surface of the organ itself
- One side closer to cavity wall (interior portion of cavity), fluid in between, other side next to the
organ itself (eg heart)
- Embryology determines where the organ is exposed / where it grew out of / in to eg. Heart
where the aorta leaves, lungs at the hylem?
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
- Cavity wall – parietal serous membrane; inner wall next to organ – visceral
- Pericardium refers to the heart, pleura refers to lungs, peritoneum refers to abdomen
Lecture 3: Embryology
- Don’t study chapter 28
- Cervix - physical narrowing of the vagina
- Vagina, uterus, and uterine tube linings are all composed of muscle
- Acrosome – head of sperm; 200 million sperm deposited in vagina, only 1% make it through the
cervix b/c action of flagella (some may not be formed properly)
- Lining of uterus becomes thickened and vascular in preparation for a fertilized egg
- Muscular contractions bring sperm up through fallopian / uterine tubes
oStimulated by interaction between sperm and secretions of uterus
- Ovulation happens unilaterally (only one egg comes down from one side each cycle)
- 200 sperm left to fertilize egg by ampulla site of fertilization
- Fimbrae are separate structures from ovary; produced egg called the secondary oocyte
oSecondary b/c only completed first stage of meiosis ??
- Space in between fimbrae and ovary where fertilization occurs
- Ectopic pregnancy – fertilization doesn’t occur in the ampulla but occurs in the abdominal or
pelvic cavity – dividing or growing cell mass not implanted in the uterus
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

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Description
McMaster KINESIOL 1A03 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE find more resources at oneclass.com 1A03 Lecture 1: Anatomical Terminology Structure determines function Material outside the cells that give a tissue its characteristics Anatomical rightleft is always in respect to the actual person specimen youre looking at Cephalic towards the brain, caudal towards the tail (superior and inferior referencing to head, not used when referring to limbs); used for head, neck, torso Proximal nearer to, distal further away ; only used for linear structures Ventral closer to naval, dorsal closer to spine Arm = upper limb, leg = lower limb o Brachial (arm) only covers shoulder to elbow, not the entire arm o Crural (Leg) knee to ankle, not the entire leg Sagittal (means arrow ) splits right from left Frontal coronal splits anterior and posterior Transverse splits superior and inferior Diaphragm is a skeletal muscle, 13 of the way down; under voluntary control. Can be involuntary or voluntary Mediastinum: Area between the border of the lungs Abdominal and pelvic cavities don`t have define borders. Thoracic bordered by ribcage, sternum, spine; abdominal cavity is just by abdominal muscles shadow borders Serious membranes lines cavity and the membrane stuck to surface of the organ itself One side closer to cavity wall (interior portion of cavity), fluid in between, other side next to the organ itself (eg heart) Embryology determines where the organ is exposed where it grew out of in to eg. Heart where the aorta leaves, lungs at the hylem? find more resources at oneclass.com
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