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Exam review terms for Labour Studies 1A03

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Labour Studies
David Goutor

Post WWII Domestic Demand – Demand was high and so was inflation Victory Bonds - The Canadian Government sold Victory Bonds to Canadian citizens, private corporations and various organizations in order to raise funds to pay for the war. The bonds were a loan to the government that could be redeemed with interest after 5,10, or 20 years and were released during 5 different campaigns between 1915 and 1919. In 1915 a hundred million dollar’s worth of Victory Bonds was issued and quickly purchased. People were encouraged to buy these bonds to “help win the war”. Keynesianism - the economic theories of John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946), English economist, and his advocates, especially his emphasis upon deficit spending by government to stimulate business investment. It is the view that in the short run, especially during recessions, economic output is strongly influenced by aggregate demand (total spending in the economy). Infrastructure Spending - is spending (government or public) on basic physical and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or enterprise, or the services and facilities necessary for an economy to function. War Measures Act – provided for the declaration of war, invasion, or insurrection, and the types of emergency measures that could thereby be taken. Rand Formula (automatic check off) – the arrangement in a work place where union dues are automatically deducted from a worker’s pay whether they are part of the union or not. This formula is designed to ensure that no employee will opt out of the union simply to avoid dues yet reap the benefits of the union's accomplishments. Ended the ford strike in 1945. No rand formula = weaker unions which is what Tim Hudak wants. Wildcat Strike – when workers go on strike without the permission of their trade union officials. Spontaneous or unannounced illegal industrial action by a section of employees, without following the proper procedure for striking such as majority approval through a union ballot. In such situations, the employer usually has the legal right to fire the offending workers and to sue the union for damages. Also called outlaw strike or quickie strike. PC 1003 / Wagner Model – tells unions to give into strike model. People must recognize unions. Force employers to negotiate with organized workers. Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) – shift to moderate left in politics, was a socialist group. Tommy Douglas, Saskatchewan premier, greatest Canadian. The CCF aimed to alleviate the suffering that workers and farmers, the ill and old endure under capitalism, seen most starkly during the then-ongoing Great Depression, through the creation of a Co-operative Commonwealth, which would entail economic co-operation, socialization of the economy and political reform. Canadian Congress of Labour (CCL) – founded 1940. Merger of the all – Canadian congress of labour and the Canadian section of the congress of industrial organizations. On-to-Ottawa – Involves a track from the west to Ottawa, organized by communists. Workers union league (name for communists) in 1935. Depression is still on. Workers wanted better wages, big strike over it. Traveled across country in empty railway carts. Repressed by force by RCMP. Shows levels of unemployment and power of communist actions. Fordism – ford viewed workers as consumers and paid them more than other companies did at time so that they would buy his cars. Ford did not like unions and wanted to control the workplace. Collective Bargaining Act of Ontario - The law allows the provincial government to set rules that local school boards must adhere to when negotiating with local unions and to impose a collective agreement on the board, employee bargaining agent, and the employees of the board represented by the employee bargaining agent if negotiations are not completed by December 31, 2012. This bill also limits the legality of teachers' unions and support staff going on strike. Stelco Strike – 1946, massive walk out. Company hires planes to drop supplies into plant since people are staying there. Stelco gives in with response very similar to rand answer (union dues subtracted whether you’re part of union or not). Ford Strike of 1945 – Ford was most anti-union employer, held out for a long time before being unionised. Workers went on strike blocking entry to Ford factory, biggest strike. Great Depression – 1929 – early 40’s. The Great Depression, an immense tragedy that placed millions of Americans out of work, was the beginning of government involvement in the economy and in society as a whole. Stock market crashed, banks with clients who invested in stocks were now broke and forced to close. Banks closing affected businesses who then cut workers hours and wages. Many workers hoped on trains and “rode the rails” across the country looking for jobs. In 1932 unemployment = 30%. There was a lot of over production and under consumption, and factories were way too large. Then businesses went into debt. 1900–1914 (Immigration) – Large boom in immigration to Canada during these years. Experiences differed for different races since some (European) were favoured and others (Africans, Asians, etc) were strongly discriminated against. Immigrants were unskilled so they took all the unskilled jobs, were willing to work for less and had lower standards of living. Jews worked in garment industry and had laws against them owning houses so it was hard for them to stay in Canada. Chinese immigrants were strongly discriminated against, head taxes and eventually not let into country. Immigration is vital to the survival of Canada’s population. Knights of Labour – American labour or
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