Post WWII Domestic Demand – Demand was high and so was inflation
Victory Bonds - The Canadian Government sold Victory Bonds to Canadian citizens, private
corporations and various organizations in order to raise funds to pay for the war. The bonds were
a loan to the government that could be redeemed with interest after 5,10, or 20 years and were
released during 5 different campaigns between 1915 and 1919. In 1915 a hundred million
dollar’s worth of Victory Bonds was issued and quickly purchased. People were encouraged to
buy these bonds to “help win the war”.
Keynesianism - the economic theories of John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946), English
economist, and his advocates, especially his emphasis upon deficit spending by government to
stimulate business investment. It is the view that in the short run, especially
during recessions, economic output is strongly influenced by aggregate demand (total spending
in the economy).
Infrastructure Spending - is spending (government or public) on basic physical
and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or enterprise, or the services
and facilities necessary for an economy to function.
War Measures Act – provided for the declaration of war, invasion, or insurrection, and the types
of emergency measures that could thereby be taken.
Rand Formula (automatic check off) – the arrangement in a work place where union dues are
automatically deducted from a worker’s pay whether they are part of the union or not. This
formula is designed to ensure that no employee will opt out of the union simply to avoid dues yet
reap the benefits of the union's accomplishments. Ended the ford strike in 1945. No rand formula
= weaker unions which is what Tim Hudak wants.
Wildcat Strike – when workers go on strike without the permission of their trade union officials.
Spontaneous or unannounced illegal industrial action by a section of employees, without
following the proper procedure for striking such as majority approval through a union ballot. In
such situations, the employer usually has the legal right to fire the offending workers and to sue
the union for damages. Also called outlaw strike or quickie strike.
PC 1003 / Wagner Model – tells unions to give into strike model. People must recognize
unions. Force employers to negotiate with organized workers.
Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) – shift to moderate left in politics, was a socialist
group. Tommy Douglas, Saskatchewan premier, greatest Canadian. The CCF aimed to alleviate
the suffering that workers and farmers, the ill and old endure under capitalism, seen most starkly
during the then-ongoing Great Depression, through the creation of a Co-operative
Commonwealth, which would entail economic co-operation, socialization of the economy and
Canadian Congress of Labour (CCL) – founded 1940. Merger of the all – Canadian congress of
labour and the Canadian section of the congress of industrial organizations. On-to-Ottawa – Involves a track from the west to Ottawa, organized by communists. Workers
union league (name for communists) in 1935. Depression is still on. Workers wanted better
wages, big strike over it. Traveled across country in empty railway carts. Repressed by force by
RCMP. Shows levels of unemployment and power of communist actions.
Fordism – ford viewed workers as consumers and paid them more than other companies did at
time so that they would buy his cars. Ford did not like unions and wanted to control the
Collective Bargaining Act of Ontario - The law allows the provincial government to set rules that
local school boards must adhere to when negotiating with local unions and to impose a collective
agreement on the board, employee bargaining agent, and the employees of the board represented
by the employee bargaining agent if negotiations are not completed by December 31, 2012. This
bill also limits the legality of teachers' unions and support staff going on strike.
Stelco Strike – 1946, massive walk out. Company hires planes to drop supplies into plant since
people are staying there. Stelco gives in with response very similar to rand answer (union dues
subtracted whether you’re part of union or not).
Ford Strike of 1945 – Ford was most anti-union employer, held out for a long time before being
unionised. Workers went on strike blocking entry to Ford factory, biggest strike.
Great Depression – 1929 – early 40’s. The Great Depression, an immense tragedy that placed
millions of Americans out of work, was the beginning of government involvement in the
economy and in society as a whole. Stock market crashed, banks with clients who invested in
stocks were now broke and forced to close. Banks closing affected businesses who then cut
workers hours and wages. Many workers hoped on trains and “rode the rails” across the country
looking for jobs. In 1932 unemployment = 30%. There was a lot of over production and under
consumption, and factories were way too large. Then businesses went into debt.
1900–1914 (Immigration) – Large boom in immigration to Canada during these years.
Experiences differed for different races since some (European) were favoured and others
(Africans, Asians, etc) were strongly discriminated against. Immigrants were unskilled so they
took all the unskilled jobs, were willing to work for less and had lower standards of living. Jews
worked in garment industry and had laws against them owning houses so it was hard for them to
stay in Canada. Chinese immigrants were strongly discriminated against, head taxes and
eventually not let into country. Immigration is vital to the survival of Canada’s population.
Knights of Labour – American labour or