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LABRST 1A03- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 14 pages long!)


Department
Labour Studies
Course Code
LABRST 1A03
Professor
David Goutor
Study Guide
Midterm

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McMaster
LABRST 1A03
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Labour Studies- An Introduction to Work & Labour
MDCL 1102 !
Focus on issues of work, experience of work, labour market, etc.
First 5 units are focused on the historical aspects of labour.
Custom Courseware- course pack
Work in Pre-Industrial Times
Canada in Context
Canada lags in economic activity
Staple Development- Dominates early economy
Staple: business of extracting or acquiring resource commodities in order to sell them an
external market. (Harold Innis)
Early on, there were 3 big staples in Canada
Fishery
Grand Banks
First explorers notice this from very early points (1500’s), and noticed there were plenty of
sh.
Fishing was done on lines
Very rough industry, due to the weather.
Small boats.
End of October, gets to cold to sh.
Outport Fishery (1900’s)
Many sh have been shed out by the 1990’s.
Fur Trade
In demand.
Became one of the biggest staples in Canada
Relied on the aboriginals, they didn't hire them, but traded from them.
Started in 1600’s, and continued for 200 years.
Voyagers were transport workers, they would transport by paddle. Most trips would start
from Montreal, all the way up to lake superior.
Had to portage around Niagara Falls, which made them ght against the current.
No shortage of people wanting to do this line of work.
Harder trip going out (10 weeks) then coming back (6 weeks)
Timber Industry
Started around 1700’s
Number one staple in 19th century.
Very huge demand for the big Canadian logs
Old growth trees (biggest demand) have a very small percentage left. Mostly found in BC.
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Very “tough guy” type of industry. Very dangerous.
Lots of people were willing to do this.
Key Features
Size of Labour Force
None of the industries generated much of a labour force.
Length of Term
Fishing and Timber is still a very big staple.
How long is the season? All of the staples is seasonal work.
Tinder is a winter industry, due to the frozen ground meaning they can slide the logs along
the oor. Log Running is done when they put logs in the river, and retrieve them.
What’s Missing?
A large, steady demand for labour.
Canada stands out because we do not make staples that grab a steady demand.
Sugar, Cotton, Tobacco, Rice and Tea are the biggest staples in this time.
Slavery
10-12 million are brought over in the world
1/3 of people die in passage (on the boat)
Slaves provided massive amounts of labour to the plantations.
“Better to buy then to breed” Better to buy slaves, and work them to death, and then buy
more. Instead of buying slaves and having them reproduce.
75-80% of total migration from 1500-1830.
You don't get the large plantations here, meaning the large staples are unable to form.
Settlers and Wage Labour
Agriculture: #1 by 1800’s
number one in money and why people are coming and want to be farmers.
Producer Ideology
Want to be an independent farmer, well enough that you can be your own boss and
provide for your family.
Myth of Independent Farmer
Want to break away, and you will get your own land and be able to run your own farm.
“Land of the Free”
Respectability
Sign that you were hard working enough, good enough.
You have proven yourself.
Didn’t mean you were rich, but had reached a certain status.
Household Production
Large amounts of the labour was divided among the family.
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