•Very “tough guy” type of industry. Very dangerous.
•Lots of people were willing to do this.
Size of Labour Force
•None of the industries generated much of a labour force.
Length of Term
•Fishing and Timber is still a very big staple.
•How long is the season? All of the staples is seasonal work.
•Tinder is a winter industry, due to the frozen ground meaning they can slide the logs along
the ﬂoor. Log Running is done when they put logs in the river, and retrieve them.
•A large, steady demand for labour.
•Canada stands out because we do not make staples that grab a steady demand.
•Sugar, Cotton, Tobacco, Rice and Tea are the biggest staples in this time.
•10-12 million are brought over in the world
•1/3 of people die in passage (on the boat)
•Slaves provided massive amounts of labour to the plantations.
•“Better to buy then to breed” Better to buy slaves, and work them to death, and then buy
more. Instead of buying slaves and having them reproduce.
•75-80% of total migration from 1500-1830.
•You don't get the large plantations here, meaning the large staples are unable to form.
Settlers and Wage Labour
Agriculture: #1 by 1800’s
•number one in money and why people are coming and want to be farmers.
•Want to be an independent farmer, well enough that you can be your own boss and
provide for your family.
Myth of Independent Farmer
•Want to break away, and you will get your own land and be able to run your own farm.
“Land of the Free”
•Sign that you were hard working enough, good enough.
•You have proven yourself.
•Didn’t mean you were rich, but had reached a certain status.
•Large amounts of the labour was divided among the family.