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LINGUIST 1A03- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 24 pages long!)


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LINGUIST 1A03
Professor
Catherine Anderson
Study Guide
Final

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McMaster
LINGUIST 1A03
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Linguists(DESCRIBE but(don’t(PRESCRIBE)
-
Scientists(make(empirical(observations(
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Linguistics)is)Science:)
Speakers(of(the(UK(English(usually(don’t(pronounce(the('r'(sound(-descriptive)
The(word(floor(is(spelled(with(an('r'(at(the(end(so(it(should(be(pronounced(with(an('r'(at(the(end(-
prescriptive)
American(English(is(a(coarse,(half(articulated,(degraded(version(of(English(compared(to(rich,(
subtle,(melliflous(British(English(-prescriptive)
The(passive(voice(should(always(be(avoided(so(that(your(writing(can(be(understood(-
prescriptive)
If(you(use(bad(grammar(you(will(not(get(a(good(job(-prescriptive)
Teaching(a(language(
-
Workplace(
-
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Is)there)ever)a)role)for)prescriptivism?)
How(to(make(sounds(
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What(words(sound(like(
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How(to(create(different(word(forms(
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How(to(combine(words(into(a(sentence(
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What(words(and(sentences(mean(
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What)do)we)know)when)we)know)a)language?)
Allows(us(to(understand(one(another(
A"shared"system"
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Allows(you(to(generate(new(words(and(sentences(at(all(times(
A"generative"system"
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Mental)Grammar:)
Lecture'1
Thursday,(August( 24,(2017
3:15(PM
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nd(-
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