Music 1AA3 Exam Review
Composer Piece Date Composer Info
Joseph String Quartet in 1797 Music director for Prince Nicholas Esterhazy for 3 decades
Haydn C Major Composed Germany’s national anthem.
After death of Prince, Haydn made 2 long trips to England (1791 and
Returned to Vienna in 1795
Symphony no.102 1794/
5 Produced oratorios, masses and string quartets.
Wrote 12 London symphonies; Symphony no.102 was written in
aftermath of the French revolution.
Haydn was immensely popular in London.
Mozart Symphony no.40, 1788 His father recognized him as a musical genius: “Wunderkind”
1 Mov. Had a musical family: Maria (sister) child prodigy on keyboard.
By 12 years: 3 operas, 6 symphonies, 100 other works
Went to Vienna in 1781 hoping get position in royal court.
Piano Concerto 1786 In Vienna he composed 17 piano concertos.
Huge success between 1782-90… but was always in debt.
Died (35) from morbid depression, composed Requiem Mass- buried in
unmarked pauper’s grave in Vienna.
The Marriage of 1786
Ludwig Symphony no.5 in 1808 Alcolic father
van C Minor Increasingly introverted
Beethoven Grant from Elector of bonn sent him to vianna.
Began to go deaf at age 26 (tinnitus)- contemplates suicide
Franz Erlkonig 1815 Austrian, Vienna
Schubert Father not a famous musician but taught Schubert basics
Received instructions from Salieri around age 11
Taught in father’s school
Viennese salon: vital music forum in 19C
Felix A Midsummer 1826 Prominent and intellectual family: grandpa, philosopher; father,banker.
Mendelsso Night’s Dream Spoke English, French, and Italian; read Greek and Latin.
hn Mentored by Goethe
Child prodigy; pianist and composer
Between 12-14 wrote 12 string symphonies.
Met Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
Written song for Shakespeare’s play.
Hector Symphonie 1830 French composer
Berlioz Fantasique Went to medical school in Paris and dropped out.
Studied at National Conservatory of Music in Paris.
Wrote is personal life into his music. Clara Forward 1848 German composer and musician- Child prodigy; taught by father.
Wieck 60 years concert career- accomplished pianist.
Schumann Wife of Robert Schumann.
Wrote about political issues.
Frederic Mazurka in B-flat 1830-1 French father; Polish mother: Polish nationalism
Chopin Made a living in Paris teaching and selling his piano music.
Died of tuberculosis
Most works are for piano
69 Mazurkas; 59 published.
Giuseppe La Traviata 1853 2 children- widower at only 26
Verdi Had a scandalous relationship with soprano. Giuseppina Strepponi.
Sought to reform cultural and political conventions through opera
Was given a state funeral in Milan; largest public assembly of any event in
the history of Italy.
Richard The Valkyrie 1870 German composer and conductor; born Leipzig
Wagner Highly controversial figure socially and politically.
Saved from financial difficulties by King Ludwig II of Barvaria