MUSIC 1AA3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann, Program Music

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 1AA3
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of 1
Johannes Brahms (1833 (Hamburg) - 1897 (Vienna, age 63))
virtuosic piano player (premiered his own works)
Reclusive, perfectionist (destroyed many "sub par" works)
Robert Schumann praised him as saviour of music
Reveived a lot of criticism during his life (thought to be too academic)
The "Three B's" of German music
Bach
Beethoven
Brahms
Interested in old musical styles
was an innovator and traditionalist!
Composed "absolute music" rather than programme music
Looked kinda like a mad santa
Symphony No. 4 in E Minor, Finale (1885)
30 short variations; very short theme (only 8 notes)
Synthesis of old and new
Theme and variations = Baroque
Theme taken from J.S. Back, Cantata no. 150
19th century harmonies, textures, and timbres
Each variation creates diff. sound world and emotion
Overall ternary form: ABA
Middle variations (10-15) markedly diff. from others
slower
13-15 in E major instead of E minor
The Final A section is signalled by a clear return of the main theme in variation 16
Large orchestra (growing size of concert halls)
Rich orchestration
theme appears at some point in every single instrument (except timpanist)
Creates sense of forward movement and contrast among the variations
Ever-changing series of moods
Varied textures (homophonic, polyphonic)
Advanced harmonies
Other Compositions
Symphony no. 1 in C Minor (1876, took 20 years to write)
Symphony no. 2 in D Major (1877)
Symphony no. 3 in F Major (1883)
Piano Concerto no. 2 in B flat Major (1881)
Violin Concerto in D Major (1887)
A german requiem, op. 45 (1868)

Document Summary

Johannes brahms (1833 (hamburg) - 1897 (vienna, age 63)) virtuosic piano player (premiered his own works) Robert schumann praised him as saviour of music. Reveived a lot of criticism during his life (thought to be too academic) Interested in old musical styles was an innovator and traditionalist. 30 short variations; very short theme (only 8 notes) Each variation creates diff. sound world and emotion. Overall ternary form: aba: middle variations (10-15) markedly diff. from others. 13-15 in e major instead of e minor. The final a section is signalled by a clear return of the main theme in variation 16 theme appears at some point in every single instrument (except timpanist) Creates sense of forward movement and contrast among the variations. 1 in c minor (1876, took 20 years to write)