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MUSIC 2MT3 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Music Therapy, Memory, Visual Cortex

85 Pages
Spring 2018

Course Code
Rachael Finnerty
Study Guide

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Fall 2018
Introduction to Music Therapy
Prof: Rachel Finnerty
Courseware readings (should be available tomorrow or Thursday)
Quizzes are online on the weekend. Choice of two/three full days. 20 minutes to complete. All
multiple choice. If needed to miss, the grade will be added to the next quiz.
Quiz 1 6%
Quiz 2 6%
Quiz 3 6%
Quiz 4 12%
Midterm 30% (in class May 22)
Exam 40% (last class June 14)
What Is Music Therapy
American Music Therapy Association (AMTA)
Definition 1960
"Scientific application of the art of music to accomplish therapeutic aims. It is the use of music
and of the therapist’s self to influence changes in behaviour."
Clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals.
Research indicates it’s effectiveness in areas such as overall physical rehabilitation and
facilitating movement, increasing people’s motivation to become engaged in their treatment and
providing emotional support for clients and their families.
Music Therapy Canada
Canadian Association of Music Therapists (CAMT)
Federally incorporated, self-regulated non-profit professional organization
Practice has been longer, became recognized profession in 1974
Aims to create strong certified music therapists (MTAs) and bring awareness about professional
music therapy services throughout Canada
MTA defines a person’s status of being a music therapist
CAMT wants to encourage the practice of music therapy in clinical, educational, and community
Link: Boston Children’s Hospital
Communicate without words
Connecting with people
Cognitive development, speech, motive, rehabilitation
Coping skills, empowerment for patients and families
Music offers support through all phases of treatment
Clinically focused for patients on an individual level
Naturally smiling, engaging, positive emotions
find more resources at
find more resources at
As human beings, we know what to do when we hear music
Where the beat is, moving to the beat, vocalizing, hearing the rhythm
Not taught, it is nature
Music is a universal phenomenon people of all ages and cultural backgrounds can listen,
perform, create, and enjoy it. Present everywhere in the world.
Music is a flexible therapeutic medium it has many different styles and a variety of ways in
which one can be involved (composing, performing, listening). We can change how we are using
the music in session in meeting healthcare goals.
Music is NOT a universal language. Other countries, there are other languages. Music has
different definitions, boundaries, meanings based on culture. How we engage in music varies
based on where we live.
Why Music is Effective
Only thing we do that engages our whole brain
Movement, hearing, creativity, coordination, voice, memory, emotion
Heartbeat, blood pressure, pulse, hand/eye coordination
Pitch interval/pattern, harmony, timbre, rhythm, recognition
The end product is not about making good music
The clients do not need to have any background in music
People can very productively engage with music therapy
Including deaf patients
Share and express
Music As a Tool
Acts as a distraction in a healthy way
Evokes memories of past
Alter mood, reactions, responses
Music Therapy NOTS
No need for musical background
Not entertainment, does not refer to musical activity for leisure
Does not refer to musical sessions to develop ones skill
Not music education where techniques and activities are used to teach
Process to Music Therapy
Referral (doctor, medical team, personally online)
Assessment (engage in music, see how they are responding)
Treatment plan (interventions)
Reports and re-assessments (every 6 weeks, documentation of process)
Funding - music therapy covered
Extended Health Care Benefits - if it includes rehabilitation, it covers music therapy
It is not covered under OHIP
find more resources at
find more resources at

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