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McMaster University
Joe Kim

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY – TUTORIALS #1 1/16/2013 11:46:00 AM TA TARANEH ETEMADI [email protected] OFFICE HOURS MONDAY 230-330 KTH 632 5 core theories of social psychology role theory: everytime your role changes, it creates a change in behaviour. Key term under role theory: conformity the way you behave is related to the way that you conform and how you express yourself within a social experience reinforcement theory: our social behavior is dependent on how we feed off of each other, how we get feedback, positive or negative, if positive, more incentive to act that way and if negative, you stop that behavior key term under reinforcement theory: hedonistic behavior  want to get positive feedback from other people, it’s a self kind of way, makes you feel better if you receive positive feedback cognitive theory: mental processes to try to make sense of the world around them (judgment, reasoning skills, memory) judge social situation around us, act based on our cognition. Key term under cognitive theory: cognitive dissonance theory: if you have a deep believe but you don’t act upon it, you have a sense of internal conflict, discrepancy between attitude and behaviour and change either behavior or attitude. Symbolic interactionism theory: emphasis on social interactions with people, the way you become moulded with people is based on social interactions. Family nd friends shape who you are, sense of negotiating behaviour bw indiv and indiv or invidv and group of people Evolutionary theory: HOMEWORK: go into a social environment and examine people (MUSC, library) examine people and write about how their behavior relates/misrelates the four concerns of social psychology. 4 CONCERNS OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY IMPACT OF INDIVUDAL ON ANOTHER INDIVIDUAL IMPACT OF GROUP ON AN INDIVIDUAL IMPACT OF INDIVIDUAL ON GROUP MEMBERS IMPACT OF GROUP ON ANOTHER GROUP SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY TUTORIAL #2 ON MIDTERM/FINAL TEXT:47-48. 2.3 TABLE 1/16/2013 11:46:00 AM SOCIALIZATION PARENTS EDUCATION PEERS THEORIES: KOHLBERG’S MODEL OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT Process in which you would use to develop your morals Social situations  act a specific way Process when you obtain your morals and values Universal model, and other cultures are able to understand this model PRECONVENTIONAL DEVELOPMENT LEVEL Moral judgment is based on the physical consequences that you obtain from your actions Based on how you act Start developing morally  childhood STAGE 1 “Obedience and punishment orientation” obey rules based on motivation that you want to avoid punishment STAGE 2 “Hedonistic orientation” selfish behavior you want self indulgence, want a reward (this is a feeling) want to obey rules just to obtain pleasure and have a reward from others (feel good about yourself) CONVENTIONAL MORALITY LEVEL Adulthood Based on social consequences of your actions (based on a situation) Moral judgment based on social consequences STAGE 3 “Good boy nice girl orientation” getting social approval from others STAGE 4 “authority and social order maintenance orientation” you want social approval and obey authoritarian rules POST CONVETIONAL MORALITY LEVEL Universal and ethical levels Gandhi and mother Teresa, job exploitation STAGE 6: “universal ethical principles” your own values LIMITATIONS (3) 1. determinants of moral judgment  focus on individual rather than the situation --> focus on predisposition not the actual situation itself 2. very sexist  justice is often faced by males, adhering to rules would be men. Caring  women… we proved wrong. 3. need moral balance  little influence on social interactions TUTORIAL 3 SELF AND SELF PERCEPTION 1/16/2013 11:46:00 AM actions in the eyes of others ability to learn and use symbols for inner thoughts  internal dialogue acquiring our self concept from our perceotion of what other think of us is called: self schema  looks at our understanding of our identity, sense of who we are, idea of myself, organized thought process, how to behave within given situation looking glass self reflexive behavior  how when we try to evaluate someone else’s behavior within a social situation, we tend to feel that the appropriate behavior that u would evaluate yourself on. self awareness  exhibit a diff part of identity when engaging in a social relationship with your prof VS with your friends. Our self concept arises from  our interpretation of the feedback we receive from others when a
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