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December 2, 2013-2XX3 Exam Note.docx

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McMaster University
Political Science
Richard Stubbs

Started on: 12/2/2013 6:32:00 AM C LASS N OTES FOR : 2XX3 McMaster University, Fall 2013 M ONDAY , DECEMBER 2, 2013 PART 1 IDENTIFY – EXPLAIN – DISCUSS (1 page per term) IDENTIFY: Where does it come from? (References to textbook, etc.) EXPLAIN: The meaning DISCUSS: Why the notion is important Liberation Theology Vicious Circle of Poverty Veto Coup E.G Theories of comparative Advantage IDENTIFY – Is a particular theory on economic development that relates to developing countries; It is to be found within the precursor of Modernization theories; the notion of comparative advantage was posed by David Ricardo and then Paul Samuelson in the 1950s EXPLAIN the MEANING – Notion of comparative advantages is one of the most popular theories of how developing countries can bring about development; it states that countries in the developing world should specialize in the production of those goods and commodities they can produce cheaply. There is the assumption that in the process of exchanging raw materials everyone will benefit DISCUSS SIGNIFICANCE (WHY IS IT IMPORTANT?) – Theories of comparative advantage (FREE TRADE) continue to be put forward by developed countries to developing countries to continue to do what has not worked in the past! We keep preaching free trade when we know it has only brought development to some and not to others. Polyarchy IDENTIFY – Notion associated with Robert Dhal, pluralist theories of democracy EXPLAIN the MEANING – Polyarchy according to Robert Dhal; we can only approximate the idea of democracy! Conditions: participation, competition, civil political rights etc. DISCUSS SIGNIFICANCE – Why would it be important? When the time came for countries to move towards democracy they realized they have not produced a single philosophy that could tell them how societies should organize themselves in a political term; then by default the developing countries just borrow the Polyarchy model put forward by Robert Dhal, in doing this of course there are a huge number of questions that arise. Conditional definitions; the definition only makes sense when one is borrowing the foreign model if also one tries to put in place all of the conditions that make it possible for democracy to exist here. PART 2 & 3 Compulsory Essay Question & Essay Questions - Theoretical frameworks that tried to account for the failure of developing countries to develop o Modernization theories (relevant today) Angie © McMaster University 1 Fall 2013 Started on: 12/2/2013 6:32:00 AM o Dependency theory is the opposite of modernization theory because of its relevance; o Colonialism; Why do we continue to talk about colonialism after 60 years that it’s ended in the case of Africa, Asia etc. or 300 years in Latin America importance o Reference exclusively to Africa; what were the obstacles that independent countries (Africa) faced in terms of their overwhelming obstacle structures (economic, psychological, etc.) that had to be transcended in order to begin the process of building viable states o Military interventions explaining why Military coups occur; the consequences of military interventions; discussing the recent types of military interventions, once we get to the point of discussing military coups and how its come to an end moving away from authoritarian rule to democratization
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