POLSCI 1G06 Study Guide - Final Guide: Elite Theory, Democratic Peace Theory, David Held

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Political Science 1G06 2014 : Sample Exam
1. According to Freedom House, a total of 122 countries are now
electoral democracies. We live in a world where more and more states
have chosen democracy as their governmental system. This is good
news. Having said this, critics suggest that the dominant form of
democracy in the modern world is rather Indirect – and is, in fact, less
democratic than it could be. What do you make of this debate? Is the
indirect democracy of the modern era the most democratic form of
democracy possible? Can democracy be more Direct? Finally, does
our form of democracy give all residents of the state an equal input into
the political process? If there is inequality in influencing the political
process in our democratic system, where does that inequality exist and
2. In a 2007 referendum, voters in Ontario were given the opportunity
to modify the Province’s existing electoral system. The referendum
question asked:
Which electoral system should Ontario use to elect members to the
provincial legislature?
-The existing electoral system (First-Past-the-Post)
-The alternative electoral system proposed by the Citizens’
Assembly (Mixed Member Proportional)
Ultimately the referendum failed to pass.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the first-past-the-post
system? What are the advantages and disadvantages of alternative
electoral mechanisms (like Proportional Representation and Mixed
Member Proportional)? Which method do you believe is best and why?
3. According to David Held, “national democracies require
international democracy if they are to be sustained and developed in the
contemporary era. Paradoxically, perhaps, democracy has to be
extended and deepened within and between countries for it to retain its
relevance in the twenty-first century.” What do you make of this
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