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Psych 1x03 l.docx

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Joe Kim

Sept/11/2013 Psych 1x03-Levels of Analysis Unit 1-what is psychology? • Experimental psychology- • Psychology is about you, teaches us how we think, feel, and love, learn, interact and grow. • Essentially teaches us who we are • Must think critically- a lot of facts are accepted by the general public which seem plausible but have little or no scientific basis. • Experimental psychology uses scientific method to collect evaluate and interpret information • Psychology has been influenced by many school of thought-lead to debate of what should be the focus of psych • Today the field is united the common goal of using rigorous methods to understand human thought and behaviour Unit 2-A brief history of psychology • “Psychology has a long past but a short history” herman ebbinghaus---1908 • To become a science pysch would have to break link of mere speculation • The term psychology was coined to the emerging field 150 years ago • Psyche-soul ology-study of • Before that study of mind was told through philosophy and physiology • Aristotle and cladio contemplated the question of how we learn and remember. Where does knowledge come from? • Rene Descartes said the mind and body were distinct entities that were cosily linked in a dualistic relationship------ the mind controlled the movements of the body and in return received information about the outside world thought the sensory organs. This idea was influential to the study of physiology • 1800’s exciting time for physiology. New technology and new tools allowed for the deeper study of the brain • Muller proposed like an electric current traveling through a conductor, the messages encoded by nerves were like electrical impulses that travelled along different channels Sept/11/2013 • When helmp measured the speed of these electrical impulses he found that they travel at 90 feet per sec, not as fast as electrical currents • Muller also propped that different parts of the brain serve for different functions • This was supported by Florence’s work of systematically destroying different parts of a animals brain • Florence learned what brain region controlled what function • Historian suggest the starting of the field was 1879, with willhem wundt opening of the first psychology lab • Wilhelm believed psych could be studied as a science • G stanely hall, wundts student would go on to open a lab a JH University in na in 1883, he also founded many other psych associations like apa • Early focus of psych was on the mind with little focus on the brain • Modern tech allows for more direct links between brain and behavoiur • Modern pysch draws on expertise from physical biological chemical and mathematical/ computer science fields. Chapter 3- introduction to level of analysis Psychological Analysis- • Most intuitive • What lies in the subjects mind? • How do thought, memories and emotions motivate our actions • In Michaels case a psychologist would see how his emotions, memoires and patterns of thinking lye at the core of his feeling of isolation and depression Biological Analysis- • Focus on the physiological mechanism that under lye thoughts and behaviour • Structure and function of the brain • Molecular effects of neuro transmitter and hormones • Genetic factors affecting behaviour Sept/11/2013 • In Michaels case a psychologist might study the effect of a neuron transmitter serotonin and mood disorder and genetic factors that make some individuals prone to mood disorders Environmental Analysis- • Studying the social, cultural and learning interactions that influence thought and behaviour • In Michaels case, the conditions that triggered and maintained his feelings of depression would be studied. • Changing these external influences may bring positive change. Unit 4- Introduction of perspectives in psych Behavioural • John b Watson father of behaviourism • Watson developed the research methods in the field • Overt(outside) behaviour is the only valid means of measure in psychology • Watson argued the mind should be considered a off limits black box that takes in information and spits a output • What happens inside the black box should be considered beyond the realm of science for the present • Behavioural researchers create experiments that focus on the environmental factors on behaviour • Nurture over Nature in influencing human behaviour • Watson argued he could take any infant and train them to be
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