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Psych1XX3 exam review Questions-2.pdf

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Joe Kim

Quiz 1Development1 A pointy nose is the dominant trait and a round nose is the recessive trait Philips parents both have round noses and Kims parents are both heterozygous with pointy noses What is the probability that Philip and Kims children will have a round nose if Kim herself has a round nose YES A 100B 25 r C 75D 502 Which of the following statements would NOT describe the Interactionist Perspective of development Heather inherits her mothers strong musical abilities and begins taking piano lessons at a young A age eventually becoming a concert pianist Billy is born with a cataract in one of his eyes severely impairing his vision and making it more B difficult to learn how to walk Rammjot grows to be an above average height which helps her to be an even better basketball C player Azim is born prematurely and as a result experiences several significant health issues throughout YES Dhis life3 Sheenas parents both have very large ears and are curious about what type of ears Sheena will develop If we assume ear size is a dominant trait and contributed solely by a single gene pair how might Sheenas genotype influence the size of her ears If Sheenas parents are both heterozygous for ear size she has a 1 in 2 chance of having A equally as large ears as her parents but only a 1 in 4 chance of having even larger ears than her parents Since both of her parents have large ears they must both be homozygous this dominant B trait meaning Sheena will also be homozygous dominant and will one day have large ears If Sheenas mother is homozygous dominant and Sheenas father is heterozygous Sheena y Cwill definitely have large ears Because Sheenas genotype establishes a range of possible phenotypes and both her parents D have large ears she will have above average ear size with the extent depending on the diet and other environmental factors her parents expose her to4 Raj is the only male child in his family and has three sistersHe is the only person in his family with blueskinitis His mother is a carrier of the gene but his father is not Which of the following best explains this phenomenon A Simple dominantrecessive inheritance y B Sexlinked inheritanceC Codominant inheritance D Polygenetic inheritance5 Georgio is the only male child in his family who suffers from colourblindness What is the most likely reason that this happened Georgios mother is colourblind but his father is not This results in a 1 in 4 chance of expressing the A colourblind phenotype in males so despite having a monozygotic twin he was the only one who is afflicted Georgios mother is a carrier of this gene but his father is not colourblind The rest of Georgios y Bsiblings are females so they do not exhibit the colourblind phenotype C Georgios father is colourblind but his mother is neither colourblind nor a carrier of the gene Both Georgios parents are colourblind but he is the only male child they had so none of his sisters D show this phenotype6 If skinturngreenitis is a recessive sexlinked disorder associated with the X chromosome Which of the following is correct A Only males can inherit this disorder B Females are immune to the disorder C The disorder is less common in females y D Males can be carriers without suffering from the disorder 7 In which of the following experiments would it be most beneficial to utilize the event related potentials method of studying development An experimenter wishes to compare the difference in location of brain structures in adult and infant A brains An experimenter wishes to investigate the effect of loud versus quiet sounds on auditory brain areas B in infants An experimenter wishes to record the physiological activity that results following the presentation of y Ca novel visual stimulus An experimenter wishes to determine an infants aversion to pictures of dangerous animals versus D pictures of friendly pets8 Which of the following correctly reflects sensory development y A Infants are more sensitive to hearing lower frequency ranges at birthB Infants do not begin to develop taste and odor preferences until after birth C At about 4 years old a childs vision is comparable to that of an adult D At about 1 month old infants begin to prefer hearing their native language9 Which of the following statements regarding development is most correct A At birth an infant has blurred colour vision 40 times worse than that of an adult B Early cataract removal alone is enough to prevent longterm amblyopia C If typical neural development relies on experience it is said to be experienceexpectant D Around the 12th postnatal month we begin to lose many of the synapses we are born with 10 Evidence suggests that infants enjoy edutainment DVDs From the evidence reviewed in the Live Lecture what is the best explanation for this A Biological Exuberancethe massive number of neurons are firing B The Mozart Effectthe accompanying classical music is calming C The Orienting Reflexthe intense stimuli capture attention D Critical Periodsthis is a time when infants must have this extra experience 1 Anika is a 9monthold infant who has a 3yearold brother Warner Their parents decided that they should try to teach Anika how to speak at the same time as they teach Warner What problems will Anikas and Warners parents likely encounter Because Anika is in a critical period for language development she will likely learn language A more readily than Warner as he is likely past that critical period for developing language Anika has likely not matured enough to be able to learn the complex sounds associated with B language while Warner may find this task easier because he is more mature Anika will likely use a learning approach to develop language while Warner may use maturation C in his development of language This will lead one child to outperform the other in developing language Because Anika is in the sensitive period for language development she will likely take a learning D approach to developing language while Warner who may be past that sensitive period will likely rely on maturation to develop language 2 Which of the following best exemplifies dishabituation The return of heart rate to a resting level such as 70 beats per minute following the A presentation of a novel stimulus The return of heart rate to a resting level such as 70 beats per minute following prolonged B exposure to a stimulus The dramatic increase of heart rate to an excited level such as 120 beats per minute following C the presentation of a novel stimulus The dramatic increase of heart rate to an excited level such as 120 beats per minute following D prolonged exposure to a stimulus 3 According to the definition of development presented in the web modules someone studying development in an alien species would attempt to
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