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Psych 2AA3 Nov 18

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Jennifer Ostovich

Child Development-November 18 , 2013h How the Theory is Structure • Kohlberg describes 3 levels • Pre-conventional: you are not feeling part of some group, you don’t identify with any given group so you are not going to do what everyone is saying • Conventional • Post-conventional: part of a group, but you feel as though you can question your group and their rules Level 1: Preconventional Morality • Moral judgments are based on consequences to self • Stage 1: Punishment and Obedience Orientation • Things that get us punished are bad • Things that do not get us punished are good • If I get punished, clearly I shouldn’t do it anymore, trying to avoid punishment • Learn about punishment from authority figures, older people must be obeyed, you get punished by older people or authority • This centers around not getting punished • Someone who is in a stage 1, if you ask them Heinz question they will say that he shouldn’t steal the drug because they will get punished or get in trouble, all that matters is that there is punishment • Stage 2: Self-Interest Orientation • Interested in what is good for us, what do I want, what is good for me, basically interested in what happens to themselves • Things that make us feel good are good (and vice versa) • It is fair (moral) to reciprocate both good and bad acts, fair exchange, should do good things for people because they get reciprocated good things, but should avoid bad things because you will get reciprocated bad things • Preconventional kids in either stage are basically interested in what happens to themselves, will they get punished for something they do, and will they get something good out of something they day Level 2: Conventional Morality • Moral judgments are now based on membership in some reference group • Stages are controversial • Stage 3: Interpersonal Relationships • Interested in your school, your church, etc., • You are concerned for other people, you love other people • Motivation determines morality, no matter what you do, even if you do something bad, as long as you do it for someone you love and care about, then it is moral • Heinz should steal the drug because his intentions were good because he is saving the life of someone he loves, a lot of the people think that the druggist is a bad person and believe he has bad motivation • Stage 4: Maintaining Social Order • Reference group changes from people that you just might know to your culture and society • Concern for societ
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