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2B03 question bank.docx

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Richard B Day

3. are only useful in helping us to understand or conceptualize phenomena if they can be reified. 4. always refer to entities whose existence can, in principle, be verified through empirical observation 5. all of the above All personality theories employ hypothetical constructs. Which of the following statements about hypothetical constructs is NOT true? 1. They are hypothesized states, processes or entities that may or may not have any real physical existence. 2. They are only used in social sciences where precise, quantitative measurement is difficult or impossible. 3. The presence of hypothetical constructs in a theory make it difficult to test or verify 4. They are useful because they help us conceptualize and make sense of a variety of observations or phenomena. 5. All of the above are TRUE of hypothetical constructs. It is fair to say that hypothetical constructs: 1. are more likely to appear in sociology and psychology than in sciences like geology or astronomy that rely less on theory. 2. are less common in physics than in other, less mature, sciences (e.g., psychology). 3. refer to entities or processes whose physical existence cannot, even in principle, ever be verified. 4. refer to entities or processes which may or may not have any physical existence. 5. both 1 and 4 1. In discussing the role of hypothetical constructs (HC) in science (and psychology in particular) , I suggested that: (1 point) Select your answer: 1. HC are used only when phenomena covered by a theory cannot be precisely measured. Thus HC are used in psychology, but not in physics or biology. 2. all branches of science - including physics and chemistry - use HC, since they assist us in organizing, understanding and explaining complex phenomena. 3. we must be careful to remember that HC are explanatory fictions, and (perhaps like the id) do not necessarily have a real physical existence. 4. both 2 and 3 5. none of the above RANDOM Which of the following statements about the existential approach to personality is NOT true? 1. It stresses the individuals freedom and responsibility to make choices about life. 2. It emphasizes phenomenology; the analysis of experience from the point of view of the individual. 3. It is a fundamentally non-scientific view, since it rejects the concepts of cause and effect. 4. It stresses the importance of theoretical (structural) frameworks, both for the investigation of personality, and for the individual's interpretation of reality. 5. all of the above are TRUE of the existential approach In lecture, I talked about the role of simile and metaphor in scientific theory. Among other things, I suggested that: (1 point) Select your answer: 1. some metaphors (e.g. the computer) seem more scientific and 'right' than others (e.g. the dynamics of the id and ego). 2. it is hard to choose the 'right' theory in personality, since different theories may simply be using different metaphors to describe the same psychological processes. 3. it is usually possible to translate the concepts in any theory into the metaphor systems of other theories. 4. all of the above 5. none of the above According to your text, which of the following is an example of L data? a. a description of Terry's personality provided by her mother. b. an observer's count of the number of times Terry laughs during a videotaped laboratory interaction c. the number of times Terry has been hospitalized. [correct] d. Terry's response of True to the questionnaire item "I enjoy interacting with other people" e. none of the above In discussing the fact that personality psychology has a variety of theoretical perspectives that are sometimes seen as competing with each other, your text suggests that: a. the personality puzzle will never be solved. b. the One Big Theory (OBT) can account for everything in personality.
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