Psych 2B03 Notes
In lecture, I talked about the role of simile and metaphor in scientific theory. Among
other things I suggested:
It is hard to choose the ‘right’ theory in personality, since different theories
may simply be using different metaphors to describe the same psychological
Some metaphors (e.g. computer) seem more scientific and ‘rgith’ than others
(dynamics of the id and ego).
It is usually impossible to translate the concepts in any theory into the
metaphor systems of other theories.
In comparing psychodynamic and behavioral approaches to personality, we note:
Both approaches agree that past experiences can dramatically affect an
individual’s current personality.
The behavioral approach, but not the psychodynamic, sees personality as the
sum total of an individual’s behavior, rather than as something inside the
The psychodynamic approach places more emphasis on the role of the
person, rather than the situation, in explaining an individual’s behavior.
It is fair to say that hypothetical constructs:
Are more likely to appear in sociology and psychology than in sciences, like
geology or astronomy that rely on less theory.
Refer to entities or processes which may or may not have any physical
Jung argued that complexes:
Cause the individual to use substantial amounts of libido in activities and
thoughts related to the theme of the complex.
Are very likely to develop around archetypal images or themes.