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Midterm 2 PROSOCIAL BEHAVIORWhat is prosocial behavior behavior that is progood social something that benefits others Altruism doing something for someone else while not benefiting yourself Evolutionary perspective we help in order to secure the survival of our own genes in self or in relativesfor anything to evolve it means to adapt1kin selection your genes are in other vessels offspring or anyone you are genetically related to We help people to save copies of our genes your genes are in charge and making you save those copies The more genes you will be able to save more closely related you are to person more likely you will get involved Save those most related to youSave more males because they can make more babies than a womenSave the younger people who can still reproduceo Carnegie foundation give awards to people who do alturistic acts to strangers not family because its expected to save familyBurnstein Crandallkitayama 1994 Scenario study read a story and have them respond to a questionnaire Iv type of scenarioIV kinshipDV ss indicate targets they are most and least likely to helpS is either given story of 3 people who are related to them to varying extent who need everyday help or a life or death situation They are told they can only help 1 of those people Circle person you will help and put X in person you will help last o Everyday situation more related to the person you are the more likely you will help o If life and death situation you will more likely help those related to you and even less likely to help those youre not related too More likely to help those related to you in both situations but especially likely when the person can die Does age predict likelihood of helping o Save young people over the oldestHelping during a hypothesized famine o Your culture is experiencing a drought and not sure how long it can last You can give one person extra food who do you give it to You give it to the 10 18 year olds not 1 year old or older people The youngest will not survive to be able to produce properly but the teenagers are developed enough to be able to produce Reciprocation whenever benefit of altruistic act to recipient is greater than the cost to the actor then as long as help is reciprocated at a later date both participants will gain You will help someone unrelated to you but there is a strong expectation they will help you back Helping in big cities vs small towns o In larger cities people dont engage in as much altruistic helping vs those of smaller towns o Youre going to do a favor and its going to be recognized and in a big city its less likely to get recognized Social psychology explanations Social exchange theory people make a costbenefit theory What are the costs of helping and what is the benefit of helping If cost outweigh the benefit there is no way you will helpIf benefit outweigh cost then you will help If they are equal other things will determine it enough time do you know howexcAllen 1971 NY subway system subject is sitting in the subway and confed big scary muscle guy goes and sits down beside subject and stretches his feet out in front of him Confed 2 walks by and trips over the scary guys feet IV cost of helpingDVof subjects helping by correcting scary muscle guyMuscle guy either has no reaction or calls confed 2 a name or threatens him Confed 3 goes up to scary muscle guy and asks him a question but scary muscle guy gives him the wrong answer Helping in this situation you correct SCM Benefit is to help some poor person SMG with no reaction had the highestof helping 50In insult condition where cost goes up but benefit is the same there is significant decrease in help 30 In threat condition it goes down significantly again Alturism debate1 empathyalturism model we help people for the sake of helping them even if it costs the selfin purely altruistic acts people help because they are good people who can emphasize with the sufferer empathy other oriented emotional response elicited by an perceived welfare of another personsee someone else in need you are going to have feeling of compassion and a desire to help helping because you empathize with the subject with the goal to increase someone lese welfare with no gain for the self completely unselfishcontrasted with egoism motivational state with goal of increasing own benefit Not interested in other people but interested in other peoplethink people help because they feel empathy and want to help 2 negative stage relief model no such thing as pure altruism People are egotistic and completely self motivated self interested Only help if you will gain something from helping Help others because it makes us feel good about our selves and improves our moodthats what we gain
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