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Practice Midterm II

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Richard B Day

Printed Name ____________________________________ Psych 3CC3 Test #2: Profiling, Jury Psychology ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Instructions: You have 50 minutes to complete the following 40 questions. Please print your name and student ID number at the top of this paper, and return it with your scan sheet. On the scan sheet, print your ID number in the leftmost 7 boxes in the section at the top left marked "IDENTIFICATION NUMBER", and fill in the appropriate circle beneath each box. Code your Version number (1) in the column just to the right of your ID number. Please be sure to code your ID correctly, since it is the ONLY way the computer has of identifying you!! Please PRINT your name in the space marked "NAME" at the top right of the form, and SIGN your name underneath. In answering questions, be sure to mark darkly. IF YOU CAN STILL READ THE NUMBER IN THE BUBBLE YOUR MARKING IS TOO LIGHT. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. The first modern offender profile was made: a. in 1932, by William Donovan, in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping case. b. in 1944, by James Osler of the OSS, in the Brooklyn Shipyard arson case. c. in 1947, by Matthew Gordon, in the Black Dahlia murder case. d. in 1956, by Dr James A. Brussel, in the New York bomber case. [CORRECT] e. none of the above 2. We listed several possible purposes of offender profiling. Which of the following was NOT among them? a. To analyze the crime scene. b. To assess the risk of offender escalation c. To provide a psychological evaluation of items found in the possession of suspects d. To investigate possible links between crimes. e. all of the above ARE possible purposes of offender profiling. [CORRECT] 3. In the FBI profiling model, the difference between mass murder and serial murder is: a. mass murders all occur in the same place, while serial murders take place in different locations. [CORRECT] b. serial murders are premeditated while mass murders are not. c. mass murders involve four or fewer victims, while serial murders involve more than four victims. d. serial murders are separated by a ‘cooling off’ period, while mass murders are not. e. more than one of the above 4. The decision to classify of a crime as (for example) spree murder or mass murder, would be made in _______ of the FBI’s profiling model. a. stage 1 b. stage 2 [CORRECT] c. stage 3 d. stage 4 e. none of the above 5. In the FBI model, which of the following pieces of information or predictions would NOT be part of a typical offender profile? a. the offender's intelligence and education b. the offender's drug and alcohol use, hobbies and interests c. the offender's inner psychological dynamics. [CORRECT] d. the offender's pre- and post-offence behaviors e. All of the above would be part of an offender's profile. 6. As your text notes, the FBI's organized-disorganized approach to criminal profiling is based on the _________ of personality. a. five-factor model b. conditional trait model c. situationist model d. classic trait model [CORRECT] e. schema model 3CC3 Midterm 2: Page 2 of 6 7. According to your text, which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a disorganized offender? a. He lives far away from his crimes. [CORRECT] b. He lives alone c. He does not own a vehicle. d. He is sexually inadequate. e. All of the above ARE characteristics of a disorganized offender 8. In the Holmes & Holmes model, the mission serial killer: a. feels the need to eliminate a certain group of people. [CORRECT] b. feels he is on a personal mission derived from his fantasy life. c. feels sexual pleasure from mutilation and torture during the murder. d. is usually a disorganized offender. e. more than one of the above 9. In the Holmes & Holmes model, the ______ rapist believes he is entitled to rape because of his dominance. a. power assertion b. anger retaliation c. exploitive [CORRECT] d. sadistic e. none of the above 10. As your text notes, research with sexual offenders has identified typologies of child molesters and rapists. Which type of sexual offender is represented in both child molester and rapist typologies? a. fixated b. regressed c. sadistic [CORRECT] d. predisposed e. anger 11. The Keppel and Walter model uses the same categories for rape as the Holmes & Holmes model, and the FBI model. What is different in that in the Keppel & Walter model: a. the categories are applied to murder as well as to rape. [CORRECT] b. the motivation for rape is completely sexual in all cases. c. the motivation for rape is not primarily sexual in any case. d. is based on traits rather than on psychodynamic processes. e. more than one of the above 12. As Turvey describes it, if we compare inductive and deductive profiling we find that: a. inductive methods rely heavily on general crime statistics, whereas deductive methods rely directly on the crime scene evidence. b. the conclusions reached through inductive reasoning are not necessarily true, even if the premises are true, whereas deductive conclusions must be true if the premises are true. c. deductive methods are useful in analyzing the crime scene, but inductive methods must be used in creating the offender's profile. d. all of the above e. a and b only [CORRECT] 13. According to your text, the primary disadvantage associated with the inductive method of criminal profiling is that: a. it will never be possible to obtain a representative sample of serial offenders upon which to draw profiling conclusions. [CORRECT] b. the logical foundations upon which the profiling predictions are based might be flawed. c. data related to serial homicide cases does not exist. d. the method is too vague. e. no profiler uses the inductive method of profiling 3CC3, Midterm 2: Page 3 of 6 14. Turvey’s model of deductive profiling includes several components. Which of the following is NOT one of them? a. Forensic and behavioral evidence b. Victimology c. Crime scene characteristics d. Offender motivation [CORRECT] e. Deduction of offender characteristics 15. As your text indicates, Pinizzotto and Finkel (1990) described the process of profiling in equation form as: a. WHO + WHY = WHAT b. WHAT + WHY = WHO [CORRECT] c. WHAT + WHEN = WHO d. WHO + WHERE = WHAT e. WHAT + WHO = WHY 16. We discussed Hicks and Sales extensive critique of offender profiling. Which of the following was NOT one of their criticism? a. The terms and definition used in the various models are often unclear. b. Most models rely too heavily on experience and intuition rather than science. c. None of the models indicate how offender profiles are to be generated from the forensic and other evidence available. d. There is no clear evidence that profiles actually contribute positively to crime investigations. e. all of the above ARE among Hicks & Sale criticisms [CORRECT] 17. Canter identifies five theoretical approaches linking crime actions to offender characteristics. Which of the following is NOT one of these? a. psychodynamic typologies b. interpersonal narratives c. criminal options [CORRECT] d. career routes e. all of the above ARE among Canter's five theoretical approaches 18. Canter's equation ("F1A1 + ... FnAn = K1C1 + ... KnCn") should be interpreted, most generally, as reflecting his belief that: a. the offender's personal characteristics can be inferred from the offender's crime scene actions. [CORRECT] b. the offender's crime scene actions can be predicted from offender's personal characteristics. c. the offender's crime scene behaviors can be predicted from some weighted combination of the physical evidence found at the crime scene. d. the better the offender is at math, the less likely he is to be identified and apprehended. e. none of the above 19. In considering the various roles that a crime victim might have, Canter combines that with the orthogonal dimension of: a. degree of organization b. level of aggression c. interpersonal tension d. need for speed e. none of the above [CORRECT] 20. In the visual presentation of Canter's smallest space analysis, two crime scene characteristics that never occurred together at a crime scene would appear: a. far apart on the diagram. [CORRECT] b. at the 0,0, intersection of X and Y axes. c. at very different distances from the center of the diagram. d. at very different distances from the 0,0, origin of the diagram. e. none of the above 21. As your text indicates, one basic assumption behind geographic profiling is that offenders: a. will commit their crimes in their immediate neighborhood b. are more likely to commit crimes closer to home than further away [CORRECT] c. only target areas they know very well d. travel far distances from home to commit crimes in order to avoid detection e. all of the above 3CC3 Midterm 2: Page 4 of 6 22. In an Australian study, Kocsis et al (2000) compared the profiling accuracy of several groups, including profilers, police officers, students, psychologists, and psychics. They found that: a. there were only marginal differences in overall accuracy between the groups. [CORRECT] b. profilers and police officers were significantly more accurate overall than psychologists, who were more accurate than students or psychics. c. profilers and psychologists were significantly more accurate overall than police officers, who did not differ in accuracy from students or psychics. d. polic
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