PSYCH 3CD3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Authoritarian Personality, Psych, Heel

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



  
!
oExtreme punishment of Id impulses
oOverdevelopment of superego
o" #$
 $ 
%&'(
Must be somewhere for the repressed stuff to go = projection on
weak out groups
oProjection:&#


#
%)*+!
Psychometric properties of the F-scale:

oAcquiescent response set:#

,
oCultures who committed Genocide (Germany) score
higher on the F-scale
oLow cross-cultural variation-

oHigh within-culture variation:# 

./01,
+2)%+!
+$ 
RWA: someone who readily submits to the established institutions
in society, highly conventions

oAuthoritarian submission 
oAuthoritarian aggression#$
 &
oConventionalism-
 
1&
%+&#-high RWA = high shock
,%+&*
 )  

+3
o
o
o&
o
o,  
Authoritarianism measures something that predicts prejudice but
it is not the same as predicting a prejudice personality
.&&&+2 
14
1believe that inequality among groups is
necessary  &
o15
Hierarchy enhancers:&
(,15
Hierarchy attenuators:&
#&
(615
&153
o
o.
o1&
o6 &
o&
o2 
o6$$
How do people with a high SDO justify their promotion of
inequality?
oHeavy republicans (high SDO) had no activation in
brain centres like empathy and distress
o
oLegitimizing myths:7
& 
oBelief in a just world (just world hypothesis):


Who is high in SDO?
oGender15 
 &

oSocial position(15
#
Differences between SDO and authoritarianism – different but
both talk about who is in social power and authority
oDominance over out group VS submission to in group
authorities
o $$

Dominance:  
&
Authoritarianism:  
"1)+
Deep thinking is required to inhibit the use of stereotypes
$&
 
oNeed for cognition
oPersonal need for structure
oNeed for cognitive closure
%#Devine’s model:#
&&$ $

.&
People high in need for cognition#&
$#&&
o&
o#&
Low need for cognition#
o&
o8# 
&&
'&##
1+.
Crawford and Skowronski:
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oSurprise recall task:
Robert:7&
&
Carlos:,& 
&
&
oGuilt ratings
High need for cognition people9
# 
!
Low need for cognition people
# 

)&&.
The context you are in changes how you act
oWe expect that in everyday thinking:&
&

oWhere accuracy does not matter6.,.
 # #
oWhere accuracy does matter:6.,.#

&-&
 imposing some sort of order
+$ 
 )
17&&#
 

1 &&

.1. .!
LNS:&&&
HNS:& &
.1&14!+1:
"&$&.1)
'&##2   
 
.17&;
+01;<
.&
Urgency:&
!
#
Permanency:&/

Dijksterhuis et al.:. $ 
$
o6.
&
o,.&
Stereotyping:,.6.
Perceived variability:6. 
,.
Free recall:6. 
&,.
"
Van Hierl et al. meta analysis7-(

Possible confounds:1=1$$ #
oDeary et al. and Schoon:&&&&
&7
Longitudinal research# 

o6>?)>>

o<)

Cognitive style:&$&
$.1
Authoritarianism:
# %+
Conservatism:$
1
"&
# 

"7 
 -

o6-
o)-0,@#4
1 &&
2#
" $,
<
" $
$)$)
<8"
-,
Mental ability
Assessment of situation:& 
&
9
Immediate response:&
o%
o% 
oTerror management theory:&
$ $$

Stable belief systems:
o
 
Intergroup outcomes($$
$
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