Religious Studies 1B06 Notebook.docx

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
RELIGST 1B06
Professor
Philippa Carter
Semester
Fall

Description
Religious Studies 1B06September 17th 2013 Terms you should know for this weekAllahcircumcisionChristcovenantincarnationIslamIsraelitesJerusalemMeccaMedinaNew Testamentoriginal sinQuransacrificeshirkTanakTalmudtempleTorahTrinityummahImportant dates from the timelines1000 BCE Institution of the Israelite monarchy 586 Fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians 538 Cyrus permits the rebuilding of Jerusalemreturn from Exile 167 End of the Maccabean revolt Antiochus IV dies 164 30 CE Death of Jesus 70 Destruction of the second temple Vespasian313 Edict of Milan Constantine451 Council of Chalcedon610 Night of Power and Excellence622 Hijrah632 Death of Muhammad1095 First CrusadeTHE ABRAHAMIC TRADITIONS 3 traditionsGod TorahCovenant IsraelGod Lord ChurchGod Quran UmmahAll three traditions teach that the God of Abraham revealed his will concerning his peopleGod isOmnipotent all powerfulOmniscient all knowingOmnipresent everywhereOmnibenevolent merciful Theodicy a problem for all three traditions how can a God permit suffering Theocracy a subtext to all three traditions The rule of God IranAbraham in HistoryJudaism Islam and Christianity traditionally taught that Abraham was a real person who lived in the second millennium BCE This is a truth claim NOT a factNo evidence outside of scripture for the existence of Abraham Evidence for ideas about the divine that challenged a polytheistic view Eg Akhenaton Pharaoh 13641347 BCE ruled that only the sungod Aten should be worshippedGod reveals himself to certain people at certain times aka Prophets Monotheism arose in the ANEand became identified with the Israelites and their successors Jews Christians Muslims Most influential monotheism religionsAbraham embodies this innovation in religious understandingGenesis 1717 First book of the Jewish bibleWhen Abram was ninetynine years old the LORD appeared to him and said I am God Almighty walk before me and be blamelessI will confirm my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbersAbram fell facedown and God said to himAs for me this is my covenant with you You will be the father of many nationsNo longer will you be called Abram your name will be Abraham for I have made you a father of many nationsI will make you very fruitful I will make nations of you and kings will come from youI will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come to be your God and the God of your descendants after you The Preaching of John the Baptist Matthew 3712 NIV7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptizing he said to them You brood of vipers Who warned you to 89flee from the coming wrathProduce fruit in keeping with repentanceAnd do not think you can say to yourselves We have Abraham as our father I tell you that out of these stones God can raise up children for 10AbrahamThe ax is already at the root of the trees and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire11 I baptize you with water for repentance But after me comes one who is more powerful than I whose sandals I am not worthy to carry He will 12baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fireHis winnowing fork is in his hand and he will clear his threshing floor gathering his wheat into the barn and burning up the chaff with unquenchable fire Surah 16120123 Yusuf Ali trans120 Abraham was indeed a model Devoutly obedient to God
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