RELIG ST 1B06 Winter 2014 Exam terms

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Religious Studies
Carterand La Rose

Religion 1B06 – Exam terms The First Noble Truths: Way to achieve enlightenment 1. All life entails suffering 2. The cause of suffering is desire 3. Removing desire removes suffering 4. The way for removing desire/suffering is to follow the eight fold path The Dao: The mysterious power that moves the universe and all beings. Section 1: “The Dao that can be described language is not the constant Dao: the name that can be given it is not its constant name.” Hadith: The name given to the vast collection of deeds and sayings indeed the Sunnah of the prophet. ­ Second only to the Qur’an in term of its authority ­ The report of each saying or deed is accompanied by a chain of transmission (isnad) in order to confirm its authenticity ­ Al-Bukhari collected the Hadith (devoted his life) ­ Great importance to the Umma since although Muhammad is not to be reversed his example is one to be emulated Salat: One of the five pillars which is central to Muslim life. ­ Official worship or prayer performed five times each day ­ Called to worship God ­ Act of worship and adoration of God and remembrance of his word, not one of request or petition. Muezzin: The person who issues the call to a prayer from the top of the minaret. ­ “God is Most Great.” Hijab:Arabic word for veil or external covering: can consist of headscarf alone or full body covering; also known as chador (in Iran) or Burqa (InAfghanistan) ­ Symbol of women’s oppression within a patriarchal family structure ­ Also a liberating personal choice – public affirmation of their Islamic faith and identity Eucharist: One of the seven sacraments (“Holy mysteries”) ­ Through which the grace of God is directly experienced Roman Catholicism ­ Instituted by Christ and have a biblical warrant ­ Belief that there is a partaking of the body and blood of Jesus who died for their sins on the cross and brought eternal life Gemara: component of the Talmud (oral Torah) comprising rabbinical analysis of and commentary on the Mishnah. ­ The development of commentary on the Mishnah that links the oral to the written Torah Zionism: The desire to return to the land of Israel as a homeland; in modern times, the secular movement started by Theodor Herzl that led to the formation of the state of Israel ­ Sought continuity in the ideas of the Jews as historical people ­ Shaped a nation and turned a Utopian dream into a reality (State of Israel) Haredim: Jewish ultra-orthodox movements that reject all modernist forms of Judaism. ­ In Israel, the most observant orthodox are known as Haredim Mitzvah: (plural of Mitzvoth) The Commandments of God requiring deeds of loving- kindness ­ Through which the people would embody in their lives the justice and mercy of God as a model for all the world The Pure Land: The realm where Mahayonists believe that humans can reach enlightenment with the help of the inexhaustible merit of the Buddhas and advanced Bodhisattvas ­ Arose in India, around 300 CE, as yet another “cabin” within the Great Vehicle ­ All the conditions needed for the individual to be reborn and enlightened Stupa: The distinctive Buddhist shrine, a raised mound surmounted by a ceremonial pole and umbrella; contains the relics of a Buddha or enlightened saint. ­ “Power places” topping the healing potency of the relics and as sites where the faithful can earn merit through joyful, musical veneration ­ Remain the natural sites for Buddhist festivals Dharmashastra: assume that one’s birth location is the most telling indication of one’s karma. ­ Aseries of texts meaning (“Treatises on Dharma”) ­ High-status birth: Higher spiritual nature ­ Rebirth falls into a regular cyclic pattern Covenant: The agreement between God and the people Israel whereby they are chosen to be God’s people; God agrees to guide and protect them; the people agree to follow God’s commandments (halakhah) ­ “I will be your God and you shall be my people, I will guide and protect you and you will obey my commandments.” The Laws of Manu: Books that combined Hinduism with sacred law that kings and commoners alike were obliged to follow ­ Drew from the Vedas, Manu was described as
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