Prof. A. M. Pearson RS 2H03 Theory and Practice of Nonviolence December 2013
Final Exam Study Questions
The exam is in two parts. It will begin with T/F, multiple choice, and fill-in-the-blank questions on
material that we’ve covered in this course (readings, lectures, films), for 25 points.
Some terms and concepts to study in particular that may be helpful for both parts of the exam, including
question 2 of part B: definitions of forms of violence; factors that facilitate killing/violence; nonviolence
as a tactic vs ethic; Walter Wink’s “third way” list; leaders of nonviolent movements; Gene Sharp’s
“The Methods of Nonviolent Action”
Consider the following quotation as background prep for any of the essay questions:
[from author Barbara Deming who wrote in her article “On Revolution and Equilibrium”]: “It is my
stubborn faith that if, as revolutionaries, we will wage battle without violence, we can remain much
more in control – of ourselves, of the responses to us which our adversaries make, of the battle as it
proceeds, and of the future we hope will issue from it.”
PART B 75 points. Answer the first question (required). Then choose TWO more questions (or series
of questions if you select #2, which consists of short questions, among which five are to be selected)
from among those listed below; 25 points each.
1. Required. Answer the following question (25 points):
Describe the steps in a nonviolent campaign according to Martin Luther King, Jr. or a satyagraha
campaign according to Gandhi, illustrating your answer with one or two particular examples of such
campaigns. Describe the context of the campaign and identify the types of strategic nonviolent actions
(tactics) used. Then, describe the role of the training of participants in such campaigns. What is
involved? Why is it important?
2 [You will choose five of seven questions and write a short answer (one paragraph)…]
For the following essay questions, you do not need a thesis—just answer the question with as much
information, analysis and reflection as time will allow. Try to be as concise and specific as possible.
3. Consider Kurlansky’s Lesson #16: “Violence does not resolve. It always leads to more violence”, and
Lesson #24: “The miracle is that despite all of society’s promotion of warfare, most soldiers find
warfare to be a wrenching departure from their own moral values.” Also recall that Dymond’s objection
to warfare lay in what he saw as war’s inevitable attack on morality.
With these views in mind, discuss the use of retaliatory violence to achieve what is perceived or
presented as a ‘just end’ with r