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Religious Studies Exam Notes.docx

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McMaster University
Religious Studies
Tristan Carter

Religious Studies Exam Notes Part 3- 2)  Theodicy- answers how holy/loving God could allow evil to exist when he controls everything o Ex. Job- blameless, upright, fears God, turned away from evil but he suffers all the evil Lord brings upon him o Ex. James- God doesn’t bring upon temptation for evil, ppl tempted by their own evil desire  Eschatology- the study of final things like death o James says body w/o spirit is dead o Ecclestiases says body returns to dust from which it came and spirit goes back to God who gave it  Antiochus IV- king of the Seleucid Empire/Syrian region, nearly conquest Egypt o Destroyed God’s temple in Jerusalem (I & II Maccabees) killed lots of people o Brought upon insurrection of jews o sought to destroy Judaism in the naming of imposing a universal Hellenistic culture o harsh punishments for those who read Torah  Genealogy- study of families and their lineages and history o Ex. in Genesis, genealogy of Adam and Eve, o Genealogy of Jesus in Matthew and Luke o 48 generations from Abraham to Jesus o important for ensuring accuracy in reference to the historical background of individuals as well as to understand certain namesakes and  Wisdom literature- form of writing w/ sayings of wisdom meant to teach about divinity and virtue o Ex. in psalms- teaches how use faith to express displeasure, pain, fear etc to God in diff ways o Ecclestiates/ Wisdom- discuss moral government of the world o Job- man and nature  Onomastics- the study of proper names of all kinds and the origin of names o Ex. Solomon- names pillars of the temple Jakin and Boaz, meaning establish and strength meaning god will establish in strength the temple and religion associated w/ it o Exodus- Moses’ name was chosen by his mother b/c she drew him out of a river- his name means to draw out  Soteriology- the study of religious doctrines of salvation o Salvation is by grace only- For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, 9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast. (Ephesians) o Titus- he saved us b/c of his mercy through renewal of holy spirit in the form of jesus so that being justified by him we might have eternal life  Apocrypha- collection of books found between new and old testament o Tells interbiblical history of jews o Gives period between testaments o Books include Judith and Tobit, Maccabees o Ex. Maccabees important b/c discuss Antioch and his terrorism against Jews Part 3-1)  Deuteronomy o When brothers reside together, if wife dies brother has to marry o Stubborn son stone to death o When you go to war and find a women you want to marry o Man has two wives, preference to son he doesn’t/does like o If man marries women and she’s not a virgin, what’s the outcome, if she’s not a virgin what’s outcome o Young women’s raped, if she cries out or doesn’t, if she’s engaged o  Romans o For the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking, but of righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. o Unceasing anguish, myself cut off from Christ, israelities…. From them comes messiah, word of god not failed, not all Israelites from Israel, not all braham descendants from Abraham, children of god, sarah will have child  Galatians o The acts of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity and debauchery; idolatry and witchcraft; hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions and envy; drunkenness, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I did before, that those who live like this will not inherit the kingdom of God. o Went to Jerusalem w/ titus to see gentiles, titus not compelled to be circumsized, responsible for task of preaching gospel to gentiles, as peter had been to jews, barnabas, eating w/ gentiles, hypocrisy, gentile sinners, if I break the law I might live with god, crucified w/ god, righteousness w god, Christ didn’t die for nothing  Amos o Fruit basket, bring ruin to land, silver for poor, sandals for need, bring despair on everyone like Nile river, famine for word of lord, no matter where they hide lord will kill them, won’t destroy Jacob’s house, shake house of Israel, raise fallen booth of david, restore people of Israel, wine grapes fruits  Job o Man who feared god, had 7 sons, 3 daughters, lots of sheep, cattle, food, etc. satan told god to take away all those things from him, physically hurt him, see if he sins which he doesn’t, friends are Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite., in end he got more than he had originally  Ecclesiastes o Under sun, nor riches, nor intelligent, nor strong, nor battle to bread o Dead happier than living, better than both is one who hasn’t seen sun and evil under it, people among living still have hope better than dead, o Be warned, my son, of anything in addition to them. Of making many books there is no end, and much study wearies the body. o Fear God and keep his commandments- stand in awe of god  Proverbs o Fear of lord is the beginning of wisdom, knowledge & prudence to young, learning, instructions on wisdom o A Father’s advice to his child (son)- listen to him or you’ll see disaster o Brought forth before mountains- making world o Wisdom personified as a woman—countered by the strange woman and the foolish women o Water/fountain, deer, don’t embrace another womens bosom, ant, sleep, poverty o Life lessons- doing wrong is sport to fool, don’t rob poor, don’t be friends w/ hotheads/remove landmarks o dinner manners w/ rich people- note whats before you, put knife in throat, don’t crave delicasies, show restraint, cast eyes at it and its gone, sprouts wings like an eagle, flies to sky, don’t eat food, he says eat/drink but hist hearts not w/ you, youll vomit food, don’t speak into ears of fool, move stone, defender is strong o beat children, drunks, prostitutes, wine, serpants, fear lord and king, stupid person, poverty, pay back people o Agur, o Wise/foolish men, lord doesn’t let people go hungry, outcome of lazy, wicked, righteous, punishing innocent men, understanding and knowledgeable men  Gospel of Mark o The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent, and believe in the gospel o 13- talks about Mark being deceived by people, fake prophets, apopyltic terms, betrayal, hatred to Mark, don’t let anyone go back to their houses, will see Son of Man coming, distress  Gospel of John o talks about resurrection (of mary’s brother Lazarus who was ill) at last day and coming judgement which is taking place right now o talks about the light, he came to testify the light o exile on island of Patmos  Revelation o Lambs, scroll from guy on throne o Throne, books, death, hades, lake of fire  Daniel o Punishment of being burned to death for refusing idolatry o Escapes lion’s den unharmed o Focuses on history, Babylon, Persia, greeks o At night saw son of man w/ heaven clouds approached Ancient of Days, given authority everyone worshipped him, kingdom can’t be destroyed. But his power will be taken away and destroyed forever then power of kingdoms given to saints, kingdom will be everlasting o People in book will be delivered, those who sleep in dust of earth will awake come to everlasting life o Close up and seal the words of scrolls until end of time o Many purified, wicked cont. to be wicked, none of wicked will understand but wise will. o Life after death, sealed until end of time, resurrected to judgenment Part Two Trying to Read Jonah as history confuses its genre, like trying to read science fictions as news.  Uni
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