John 20 and 21 Notes.docx

7 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Religious Studies
Stephen Westerholm

John 20 & 21 Thematic type questions, choose 4 of 6, 2 hours A. Two terms to discuss the significance of in John’s gospel, each worth 5 B. Write on 4 of the following 6, some based on tutorials some based on lecture material, 10 each Evil - Problem of evil is one theologians talk about a lot eg. Why do bad things happen to good people - Evil in this sense don’t simply mean bad in the sense of undesirable o Eg. Not winning a playoff game is not evil o Child being kidnapped and murder Is not just undesirable, it’s evil - Means more than just being undesirable - Evil when we also have the sense that its something that ought not to have happened ` - “ought not” makes it evil - Problem for athiests and theists - Genocide happens and cannot be dismissed by saying stuff happens, but its something that ought not to happen cannot be explained from an atheist POV either - If there’s no design or order, it’s a matte rof survival of the strongest, there’ sno reason why one person can’t get rid of someone else if they’re better off without him - Needs to be an order or goodness in the universe that ought to be respected, only then can we have something called evil - Problem for athiests: not that bad stuff happens but our sense that the bad stuff that happen sis not simply bad stuff that we wished didn’t happen but that there’s something about it that gives a sense it ought not to have happened, the sense of ‘ought not’ - Problem for thesists: how can you have these things happen in a world created by an all- good all-powerful God? If God was just one or the other it would make sense but he`s both so he should be able to prevent them - For Jewish and Christian faith, evil is a real but not ultimate problem and not inexplicable o Real: things really ought not to have happened; there is a God who is good and who has made things good and these thing sought not to happen in God`s universe o That they happen can be explained if God created beings with a will of their own who choose to defy him - Presence of evil in a world created by a good God can be explained but can`t be an ultimate problem - Evil cannot be the last word – people who do bad things cannot have the last word in a world created by a good all powerful God - God must see to it that goodness triumphs in the end; God must put things right in the end - Inevitable in the nature of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim faiths - Scenarios in which God puts things right in the end varies considerably o Expectations of Messianic Savour sometimes o Often this-worldly, often other-worldly o Sometimes involves resurrection of righteous and wickedness alike, some just righteous - Variation in way Jews envision what is inevitable that God will make things right in the end - Does not seem to be in anyoneès expectation that God will put things right in the end by a crucifixion and resurrection of the Messiah - Disillusionment of disciples of the crucifixion and resurrection they didn’t understand - Specif scenario does fit the general picture – clearly seen as a variation of the general picture that God is going to put htings right in the world - Fits the general picture because eit shows the problem of evil to be that of human sinfulness o Evidently on display in crucifixion of Jesus: the fact that they would crucify him and secondly that Go is using sinfulness to overcome sin; using their sin to take away the sin of the world o Both identifying and dealing with the fundamental problem of human sinfulness - Death of Jesus is not the end, resurrection follows which shows how God overcomes sinfulness; resurrection raises hi to God’s right hand, has power to be the one by whom God will overcome the evil of the world - Jesus is crucial to how God will make things right in the end and is crucial for what John has said throughout the entire gospel - John 1-17 would make no sense if John 18-19 were the end of the gospel, would also make no sense without the prologue to the gospel - Everything in the gospel depends for truth on opening and on John 20/21 (resurrection) - John 20/21 fall into two categories / patterns: 1) Discovery of the empty tomb 2) Appearances of the resurrected Jesus Discovery of the empty tomb - Mary magdelene discovers it; mary comes in the early morning while it was still dark - This suggests both Mary’s devotion in coming to the tomb this early in the morning but also that she is still in the dark; she is devoted but ignorant in her devotion - She finds the stole rolled away and immediately runs to tell two of Jesus’ disciples – showing eagerness and devotion involved - Runs to tell Peter and disciple whom Jesus love – they run to the tomb themselves - John runs faster, looks in, but stays outside - Peter comes but goes inside the tomb itself to investigate - Perhaps the beloved disciple is though tof as sensing something of the sacredness of the moment and not willing to tread on holy grounds; initial response is to stay outside - Peter is not concerned about that and wants to get to the bottom of it - Other disciple (John) saw (the empty tomb and grave clothes) and believed - John says they did not yet understand the scripture that he must rise again - No clear text that says the Messiah is going to die and rise again but several texts - Psalm 16:10 – saved from the grave?, Isaiah 52-53 – pours out soul to death, speaks of servant of Lord being exalted very high - Jonah: foreshadowing of what would happen to Jesus; Jonah was in belly for 3 days 3 nights - Peter and disciple leave tomb, mary magdelene is still there, weeping – devotion and ignorance - She looks in the tomb herself and sees two angels, but they don’t respond - She turns away and sees Jesus but does not recognize him - Typical that they don’t recognize him - In some sense has the same body due to nail marks etc but something different about his body which is why he’s not John 21 - Jesus is on the shore and they don’t recognize him - Paul speaks
More Less

Related notes for RELIGST 3N03

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.