John 14 Notes.docx

6 Pages
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Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELIGST 3N03
Professor
Stephen Westerholm

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John 14 Special and General Revelation - [missing - Lowell notes] - Contemplation of the cause of our reason: God - Telos = goal of human beings - Aristotle was pre-christian and therefore his insights were pre-christian and due to natural reason - This displayed that Natural reason can arrive to the conclusion there is a God - Like a ball through ha window there must be a cause of the observable effects you see - Infinite cause we call God – says Aquinas - Aquinas says we cannot know the nature of God simply by natural reason - Senses – perceptible things in the material word – must have a cause greater than them but other than that cannot know anything about the greater cause - Finite effects can hardly tell us about the infinite cause that brought them about - Finite minds cannot figure out much about an infinite cause or infinite God - By natural reasoning: YES there is a God, NO we know nothing of his nature - By our own powers we can know there is a God but cannot know this God or anything about him - By for that which we have been made God will reveal himself to us so we can know and contemplate him - There is a need for special revelation because not even the highest minds can arrive at the sufficient knowledge Johannian Connection - Theme of Inadequacy of human nature as we know it - Disconnect between one from above and people of flesh - John 1:18 – no one has seen God at any time o cannot understand God or know God on our own o The begotten Son has revealed him o This is what Aquinas said – we cannot know him on our own but God the Son has come to reveal him to us - John 14 tells us about the nature of God, talks about what will require Trinitarian doctrine later on but not specifically the trinity in the Bible Beginning - VERSE 1– parallel in importance to the first verse in the book of John - “Don’t let your heart be troubled, believe in God, believe also in me” o You get the same paradoxical deity in ch 1 and ch 14:1 o Ch 1: Word was with God so was not God yet word is God o believe in God believe also In me: I am as appropriate an object of belief as the father o Worth bearing in mind that there are several texts saying don’t put your confidence and trust in human beings - VERSE 2: tells the crowds he’s going away and gives the reason (abstractly) o Going to prepare a place for them o Emphasis is on his departure itself by the way of the cross and being sent to the father o Apart from his crucifixion it would not be possible for human beings to come to God o This is the way he is preparing the way for them to come to God o Jesus says he is going to come again and receive them for himself  Idea that Christ will return, voice of Son of God will be heard, dead will rise  At moment of death – Christ receives to himself the believer who is dying - VERSE 6: I am the way, the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father except through me. o The way: people are in darkness, the flesh, enslaved – Jesus is the way by which all these metaphors translated can come to the Father / God  Jesus is the ladder between earth and heaven, without which one cannot reach God o The truth: the truth in the sense of the eternal real  We humans are contingent beings – exist but we might not exist; was a time we did not, will be a time when we do not, our existence depends on God  God himself is not contingent – he is a necessary being; inconceivable by definition that God should not be  Jesus is saying the same about himself – I am the ultimate real, that which is not dependent or contingent on others  The Son has life in himself o The life: He is the eternal life / the way to eternal life - He is the perfect revelation to human beings of the invisible God - Not physical seeing or hearing of God, but those who had eyes to see and could see in him the Glory of God and hear in him the Voice of God, then you have heard and seen the Father himself Verse 12-26 Main Points 1) Verse 12: Jesus says because he is going to the Father, those who follow him will do greater works than he has done o Wider scope of the activity of the followers than Jesus himself o Because he goes to the father they will have the Spirit which will enable them to do things greater than they can do now o Greater in a qualitative not just quantitative sense o Parallel verse in the synoptics: No one born of women is greater than he (J the B) but the person who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than him  Entering the Kingdom of God is surpassing any humanly p
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