John 12 Notes.docx

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Religious Studies
Stephen Westerholm

John 12 - Sense in Jesus’ teaching and life that he had a mission, things he wanted to / had to achieve before he died - We think about what we want to achieve before we die, but Jesus achieves what is most important by dying  his mission and purpose culminates in him dying - In each of the Gospels as passion narratives with an extended introduction, the focus is on the end and the real mission / climax is achieved by his dying - Without his dying majority of his actions would not have the same significance - Many allusions to what was to come – shepherd giving his life, destroy / rebuild temple in 3 days, “hour had not yet come” – alludes to what is going to come, people plotting his death - Chapter 12 begins 6 days before the Passover  making a point by mentioning it that already in chapter 12 we are at the final week of Jesus’ life.. death is very near - Chapter 13 includes the last supper - Who Jesus was and what he did was crucial in relationship to his death Anointing in Bethany - The two incidents told in reverse order in John (Bethany before Jerusalem).. opp in Synoptics - Similar story in Luke 7, same story in Matthew and Mark - Matthew and Mark say it takes place in the house of Simon the Leper (Simon the one- time leper, not a leper anymore), John just says its in Bethany - John tells us the woman who anointed Jesus was Mary, his close friend - In Matthew and Mark, it’s an unnamed woman - Same incident but M/M tell location, John tell person - Matthew and Mark she anoints his head, John she anoints his feet - Dialogue that ensues after this takes place is the same in M,M,J - Told explicitly Martha served at the meal and Mary was doing this act of devotion o Character of Mary and Martha are the same in Luke 10 as in John – Martha served, Mary didn’t help out because she was showing devotion sitting at Jesus’ feet - As in Luke, when Martha is serving and Mary is showing her devotion, Martha complains about the impracticality of the arrangement and unfair work o Judas Iscariot says this is impractical because the perfume was very expensive and could have been more beneficial elsewhere or for the poor rather than using it all on Jesus  Judas was greedy and wanted the money himself didn’t care to sell it to benefit the poor o This impracticality is raised in all the Gospels - Jesus response is almost identical in M,M – Let her alone, you can always do things for the poor but you can only prepare my burial once and she is doing this out of devotion.. - M, M – wherever this gospel is proclaimed, this act of devotion will be told also in memory of her.. the act of devotion she has shown will never be forgotten; will be a part of the Gospel - Couple verses displaying hostility towards Jesus - Faith based on signs alone is not a lasting faith so they needn’t have worried about it that much - People were anxious to get rid of Jesus Triumphant Entry into Jerusalem - Palm Sunday - In the Synoptics, it takes place before the anointing in Bethany, but John tell sit after - Triumphal entry has to be read in the context of the reminder that Jesus’ death is imminent, his burial is being prepared for - John is telling us it’s all part of the story leading to his death - One interesting difference between synoptics: o Synoptics – Jesus gets the donkey, rides into city, garments thrown, people acclaim o John – acclaiming starts first, and then Jesus fetches the donkey and rides on it  Seems to be his response to the initial acclaim rather than the acclaim being the response to him riding the donkey o Effect of saying that people are acclaiming Jesus but Jesus in response wants to show the nature of his Kingship o Jesus does this in fulfilment of a prophecy in Zachariah 9:9 – king coming humble and riding on a donkey - Gospels are all an attempt of showing what Jesus says and does as fulfilment to prophecies - Jesus himself was the one who took the initiative to fulfill prophecy o Jesus was aware that the text was there and made a point deliberately to fulfill it o Saw to it that he had a donkey to ride on in deliberate fulfilment - Cleansing of temple in Jerusalem was also a deliberate fulfilment of old testament texts - Prophetic, symbolic act – o Ezekiel portrayed the coming exile of his people o He had to act this out by lying on his side to show the length of the exile of his people o When Ezekiel’s wife died, he was told not to lament for there would be no time when his people fall o No time to lament when his people get taken over o Jeremiah – smashes jar  this is what would happen to Jerusalem o God tells prophet Hosea to marry a prostitute – representative of his love for his unfaithful wife Israel  God loved Israel though they proved unfaithful o Jesus does this by symbolically acting out the nature of the Kingship that he brings  One of humility and servanthood - Those opposed to Jesus threw up their hands wondering what to do Vs 20 - Some Greeks approach disciples and want to see Jesus – they approach Philip, Philip gets Andrew, go to Jesus, Jesus starts speaking, we don’t hear about the Greeks again - Similar to Nicodemus – important because they elicit important messages and sayings from Jesus, but they themselves are not of interest - Mentioned Greeks specifically – allusion to shepherd gathering sheep not from the sheepfold  Jews and Greeks brought together, this is symbolizing this happening - “The hour has come”  previously never told what it means and it wasn’t here yet o The hour for the Son of Man to be glorified  another Johanian paradox o Refers to the hour of Jesus death but spoken of as the hour of his glorification - Repeatedly Jesus’ suffering spoken of as the first step he must undergo to come to his glory o Followers must do the same – suffering in this world for glory in the next - Crucifixion is always
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