Sexism and Feminism.docx

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Social Work
Stephanie Ross

Sexism and Feminism - March 3 Intro • Sex: doctors define sex mostly based on genitalia size, sometimes they include kinds of chromosomes, genetics, and hormones present • Gender: term used to speak about our sense of self as male/female/trans/gender non-conforming and our adherence to cultural norms about what is masculine or feminine - gender is socially constructed, not innate characteristic, we express and confirm gender all the time, in other words: we perform it, the way you dress, talk, language you use, mannerisms we use, people define other people’s gender by the stereotypical gender roles • nonconforming: between, don’t fully ascribe to one gender or the other • gender socialized, we learn how to be girls and boys, men and women, we are not born like that Gender in Our Everyday Life • choosing how you dress: how you dress causes people to make assumptions about your gender • not everyone adheres to gender roles • when we see women who have many sexual partners we see her as promiscuous, a man doing the same thing is considered a player which is not necessarily bad • women and men should have different types of knowledge • men have more access to opportunities over women, men are considered more aggressive and women are considered to be more nurturing • men have the responsibility to be the provider and strong and emotionless • the way we come to see and construct gender in society we have very specific binary roles and people who don’t fit into them struggle Why do these categories exist? • patriarchy: describes authority exercised by men • sexism: oppression based on a person’s perceived gender • male behaviours and characteristics are generally perceived to be more valuable • women are expected to fulfill particular roles which often disadvantage them Social Control • women’s participation in private life is prohibited • women internalize theta they are of lesser worth, skill, knowledge, etc • public versus private sphere, those beliefs about their knowledge, value and everything become internalized, they internalize the belief that they don’t know anything about cars or tools • the idea that Shakespeare’s sister could have been a writer but she doesn’t have the opportunities and begins to internalize the beliefs that are said about women, she doesn’t have any role models, reaffirms this idea that women just don’t write, limited in society for what types of jobs or roles she has • if we don’t see women doing it then we believe that it can’t happen, cyclical effect: society shapes and restricts roles for women and showing them what they should be doing Where are we? • girls face a sharp drop in self-esteem as they enter puberty
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