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Chapter 15.docx

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McMaster University
Tina Fetner

Chapter 15- Authority and state Type of legitimate authority  Politics is the power relations among people or other social actors  Authority is the justifiable right to exercise power  Charismatic authority is authority that rests in the superhuman appeal of an individual leader (Barack Obama)  Traditional authority is authority based on appeals to past tradition  Legal-rational authority is a system of authority based on legal, impersonal rules ; the rules rule  Routinization is the clear; rule-governed procedures used repeatedly for decision making  Rationalization is an ever expanding process of ordering or organizing  Bureaucracy is a legal-rational organization or mode of administration that governs with reference to rules and roles and which emphasizes meritocracy  Specialization is the process of making work consist of specific, delimited tasks  Taylorism are the methods of labour management introduced by Frederick Winslow Taylor to streamline the processes of mass production in which each worker repeatedly performs one specific task  Meritocracy is a society that bases status and mobility on individual attributes, ability and achievement Obedience to authority  The mailgram experiment is an experiment devised in 1961 by Stanley Milgram, a psychologist in Yale University, to see how far ordinary people would go to obey a scientific authority figure. Authority, legitimacy, and the state  Power is the ability to carry out one's own will despite resistance  Domination is the probability that a command with specific content will be obeyed by a given group of people  State is defined by Weber, "a human community that claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory."  Coercion is the use of force to get others to do what you want  Paradox of authority, although the state's authority derives from the implicit threat of physically force, resorting to coercion strips the state of all legitimate authority  The international state system is a system in which each state is recognized as territorially sovereign by fellow states. New state functions:  Welfare state is a system in which the state is responsible for the well-being of its citizens  Citizenship rights are the rights guaranteed to each law-abiding citizen in a nation- state  Civil rights are the rights guaranteeing a citizen's personal freedom from interference, including freedom of speech and the right to travel freely  Political rights are the rights guaranteeing a citizen's ability to participate in politics, including the right to vote and the right to hold an elected office  Social rights and the rights guaranteeing a citizen's protection by state Radical power and persuasion  Steven Lukes describes three dimensions of power: the first dimension has to do with outright conflict over something that results in one side “winning”; the second dimension has to do with power that is so imposing that it seems pointless to resist; and the third dimension has to do with averting conflict altogether by limiting people’s choices or influencing their preferences.  Kenneth Arrow’s impossibility theorem shows how difficult it is for people to express their
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