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2C06 E - Outline - 4 March.doc

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Denis Wall

SOCI2C06 – Deviance March 4 Interactionism DUE: Assignment #2 Readings - Deutschmann, ch. 10 - Adler & Adler, ch. 3: Becker, “Relativism: Labeling Theory” Preliminaries to interactionist approaches and stigma: - three competing approaches to punishment: - reintegration (inclusionary narrative) - retribution (control narrative) - rehabilitation (support narrative) 1. strengths based models of rehabilitation: - active approaches to deterrence and rehabilitation based on reintegrative shaming and de-stigmatizing rituals i. reintegration narrative (forgiveness and redress) 2. deficit based models of rehabilitation: - passive approaches to deterrence and rehabilitation based on disintegrative shaming and stigmatizing rituals i. control narratives - deficit based, hard-line ‘just desserts’ approach: - assumptions about the offender: - offender as a rational, free-willed agent who chooses to offend - offender deserve to suffer for their crime 1 - treatment: - offender is a passive recipient of control and punishment - isolation ii. support narrative - deficit-based, soft-line approach: - assumptions about the offender: - offender driven by biological, psychological or sociological forces - treatment: - offender’s behavior is a pathological in nature and should be treated with available scientific means - rehabilitation via therapy and reform What’s the problem with support-based narratives? - support-based rehabilitation is fundamentally immoral: - why should a convicted murderer deserve treatment? - what happened to individual responsibility? - support-based rehabilitation is too impractical: - difficult to measure the success of supportive rehabilitative methods (scientific problem) - too expensive to administer an effective supportive rehabilitative system (economic problem) 2 control narratives – ‘just desserts’ - 1974, Robert Martinson, “What Works? Questions and Answers about Prison Reform” - just desserts model contains the ‘get tough on crime’ narrative - ‘war on drugs’ - ‘war on terror’ - ‘just desserts’ proponents believe: i. ‘we are still not yet tough enough on crime’ - criticism: some perceive the United States as a ‘gulag nation’ ii. ‘we have a crime problem’ - criticism: crime is at its lowest point in 30 years - ‘just desserts’ expressed as the ‘penal-harm movement’ - goal: make prisons painful and increase the measure of punishment inflicted - has its roots in traditional retributive techniques - has contributed to the phenomenal growth of the incarceration rates and the proliferation of prisons
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