Friday November 16
Why are more women going into managerial positions? In Kanter’s book, she says
the only way to increase the percentage of women in managerial positions is to have
a shock hit the system of homosocial reproduction. If change is going to occur, it has
to come from outside of organizations, jolts that force corporations that change their
ways. Companies these days are really concerned that women are going to file
discrimination charges against them; this is an external factor. This will cause the
corporation tons of money, so they start hiring female managers. The other reason is
because companies care about their reputation. They care about their legitimacy,
what people think about them, what stockholders think about them, etc. therefore
they hire more women.
Explaining Change: Computerization; women’s qualifications, male resocialization.
Shocks: Gender discrimination suits, corporate legitimacy. Conformity pressures
involving appearance, etc.
Conformity pressures: If social similarity is so important to us, it’s always on people’s
minds in organizations. Example: “In LBO, I think you should check ESPN. I just
think it’s a question of accepting the industry you’re in and choosing to be prepared
or not. I know nothing about football or basketball, but if it’s playoff time, I don’t
think it’s asking too much to read who’s in the playoff