Study Guides (248,368)
Canada (121,499)
Sociology (304)
Tu Budros (16)

2V06 Friday September 14th.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Tu Budros

th Friday September 14 Rational Systems Perspective Definition: An organization is a collectivity oriented to the pursuit of relatively specific goals and exhibiting a relatively highly bureaucratic structure Goals – Explicit, clearly defined  Organizations have specific goals, they are not vague or ambiguous  Hospitals have the goal of curing and treating patients, schools have the goal of educating Bureaucracy  Formalization – Rules o Organizations have written rules that protect us and they limit what we can do o For example, a syllabus for a course  Centralization – Location where decisions are made o When you have a low level of decentralization, people that are lower can make decisions o For example, the Prof for a course makes up the syllabus  Specialization – Division of labor o Deals with how the labor is divided up o For example, a TA for a class, a prof, students o They will be carrying out different tasks  Standardization – Uniformity of tasks o For example, all professors know that they will be doing some lecturing and evaluating students o A professor will treat all students the same, the Prof is following a standardized procedure Rationality – Tight means-ends links  Just another word for technical efficiency  The idea is that you can think of bureaucratization as a means to an end, or a goal  Organizations use these four things to pursue their goals Normative Structures – Stress on how organizations should operate  The theories associated with this perspective are normative  People who think along these lines, they are really talking about the way organizations SHOULD operate  Organizations don’t always operate how they should  Organizations should be tension and conflict free, they should be the best, efficient things  The use of bureaucratic means to achieve goals Examples: Taylor’s Scientific Management Theory Pre-Taylorism: Initiative & Incentive System: Industrial workers used their initiative – skills, knowledge, & physical abilities – to make products in exchange for incentives – wages. There was very scant bureaucratization.  If you walked into a shop at this time, you would see workers using their initiative to get things done; they would use their mental abilities to think about how to do their job  They would tinker with their job; think “how can I make this better?”  They both designed the jobs and then they ex
More Less

Related notes for SOCIOL 2V06

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.