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2V06 Tuesday November 20th LECTURE.docx
2V06 Tuesday November 20th LECTURE.docx

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McMaster University
Tu Budros

th LECTURE Tuesday November 20 Relative Numbers Kanter believes that the number of women relative to men in a workplace is extremely significant. She says that the demographics of a workplace is extremely important. She also talks about sexually-skewed groups. Kanter is especially interested in these groups because you tend to commonly find these groups in management. These are groups that have two social types in them. Dominants, who are men, and tokens, who are women. You must strive to be in the dominant group. They choose what the norms are; they decide everything about the atmosphere of the workplace. You do not want to be a token. People in this social position are in the numerical minority. ***Exam*** Talk about sexually skewed groups, dominant, and tokens. Talk about the percentage of women and men in workplaces. Be able to answer whether each theory is rationalist or naturalist or structuralist. Tendencies in Sexually-skewed Groups Visibility Performance pressures, the pursuit of invisibility, and the fear of success. When you constitute 30 – 50 % of a managerial group, you are visible; you stick out. This generates performance pressures. They get nervous because they feel as if they are always being examined under a microscope. Are women really suitable for the job? Can they really successfully do it? Are they competent? Sometimes if there is too much pressure, women will purposely make themselves socially invisible. They will become passive; they won’t push for power and independence. If they instead become pushy, and cocky, the men will retreat from them, and this will hurt their job. Example: One woman was interviewed in a company. She seemed like a very able person, someone who knew how to get the job done. She is talking about performance pressures, and says that she feels like the men in her workplace are constantly watching her. Every day she feels like not going back to work. She felt as if she was representing all women. Women also need to deal with other issues in these situations. Men
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