The family- every society has some form of family life, are we the only group or does every
group have a family? What era?.
The group family is the basic form of every civilization. A family is a Social Requisite
*One way to being research: is my topic something that has always existed and why?*
Family: ancient structural institution everyone is touched by a family in some form of their life,
some will recreate it. Considered to be the most basic and universal group in society. Exist and
persists despite variation in change.
Papu, Newguine: 3 sets of gender roles.
1) Mother is nurturing
2) Father a stricture role
3) Reverse where father is the nurturing role
A family is an institution at a macro level, it is where we get policies the macro level is public.
Public is the structure as a whole that makes everything better for society as a whole. Such as
education, health care
On a social level it is a small group (micro) private. Private is how you work within that system.
Does not mean you can do anything because private is given guidelines and rules by the public
over what is permitted and what is not. The private and the public sector work together.
Society has institutions that fulfill social requisites, within the institution there are roles that we
must all fulfill.
*no should* in academic papers (should= judgment)
Shorter: did a study based on the Edwardian Victorian era. Age of three worked in factory out in
the world and age of child did not exist. Big families.
Jane : in Hamilton at the turn on the 19’00 you contributed to the family income. Children
contributed to the household. Single life did not exist. No pension back then, this ensured parents
had the house paid off.
Adaptation over time from working era to consumer
Russia 18-19’00: Drastic shortage of men, Became polygamist women duty to reproduce, a
lot of financial support for a growing population. Same in Canada during the war.
Social requisites demonstrates that for some reason some families cant fulfill responsibility,
the gov’t steps in to give aid like a sudo parent. All societies reproduce. We look at the patterns in sociology, as well as the downfalls within the institution. Is it a
sign that change needs to occur. Deviance occurs because we can’t live in a structure and
adaptation is needed. Canada currently has a major poverty issue with children.
Put away our interpretation of a family and look at what is.
Social control too much not good and too little not good. Where does the line of public or
What is a family?
1) Social Group people in the primary family
2) Social System differentiation within a group, the social roles
3) Social Institution look at broad social roles that manage the family. What is the social
function of the family.
People in small groups act out roles that ensure them that the social function of that
institution are met. We all belong to some sort of family and have an image of what that
family is. It is hard to be subjective when looking at the family role. It’s hard to look
back at other groups and understand. It’s hard to get the core of a family, there are
secrets and layers of one’s self that not even the individual members want to resurface.
Verify subjective information and see if every member see’s it the same way.
Irving Goffman: Term front stage back stage, outsiders are only aloud to see a very
filtered version of what actually is going on in a family. It’s hard for them to view what
is really going on in family life. It’s hard to get a true objective version of the family life
because of the filtered view we provide everyone else. We judge reality based on ideal
and we assume there is a sameness in all families except ours.
Major shifts in Canada and USA in gender roles: Women are the biggest breadwinner’s
decent pension and work. A lot of work men do is contractional. Most families cannot
live without a second income. Major shift in gender role and you have to pragmatically
share the roles. Higher divorce rate. We want fulfillment . Marriage rates have gone
down as well as birth rate. A higher rate of adult children returning home, educated
people with no jobs, all contracts with no long term stability.
Greater acceptance of alternative lifestyle. Typical male-female family is not the norm,
in general social values have shifted
In September 2007: nation trend first time in marriage history married people were a
minority, 50% were not married. More families of couples without children then couples
with children. Dramatic increase of same sex couples. This tells us that something is
wrong in our society causing the death of the family.
Where as looking back this is untrue, there has always been different types of family, the
idealistic family is not what has been predominant .
Four major negative assumptions about family research are:
The belief in the existence and dominance of the Nuclear Family
The idea that there is a constancy of family harmony, yet segment Freud states that there are
two sides to intimate relations and that antagonizes is part of it. Family interactions can be
pathogenic family members can form alliances from each other and create scape got.
Myth of parental determinism, I have the determining effect on your children. The truth is
there are two general perspectives Blank slate, lump of clay that are taught the other view is a wild animal that has to be
sculpted. Both view the child’s adult life as a reenactment of children . Depends on the
person, childhood, and personality. The fundamental difference between children that
make it and the ones that don’t is the ones that make it need someone to believe in them.
When looking at the child as passive you view the child’s adult life as the mistakes the
parent made. Deviance is viewed as a reflection of the parents personality.
Children have very different temperament and they interact with and shape the parent
with how the interact with the child, It differs with the number of children with the child
itself and with your partner. Happy childhood does not translate into a happy adult life.
A stable Harmonious Past, Most data supports that pre-marital sex, infidelity, and various
taboo’s are best studied in family life. Birth rates reflect variations in society. An increase in
birth rate is not due to tender urge of child rearing but rather pragmatic planning out old age
care. Tender feelings are developed when we know that there is a chance of survival for the
child. In third world the attitude becomes pragmatic because most likely not all children will
Blended families is the realistic part of a family, historically adults had life expectancy of
30-50 years. The majority of women died before marriage or when married or during
childbirth or widowed young. Great grandchildren are a very recent phenomenon. Contemp
families are more likely to include grandparents whereas in the past it was most likely that
they were blended.
Modernization effect on family: industrialism vs intimacy
Stats Canada new image of the family from 2011. What was seen was the minority group
is married couples, and more people are living as common law couples
People think that they don’t need religion or the government to have a relationship
Formalized marriage certified by the state and church is still present but not as popular as
common law relationships.
The death of the family argument is based on