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SOCIOL 1A06 Study Guide - Party System, Tactical Voting, Hard Power

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Tina Fetner

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Chapter 15- Authority and state
Type of legitimate authority
Politics is the power relations among people or other social actors
Authority is the justifiable right to exercise power
Charismatic authority is authority that rests in the superhuman appeal of an
individual leader (Barack Obama)
Traditional authority is authority based on appeals to past tradition
Legal-rational authority is a system of authority based on legal, impersonal rules ;
the rules rule
Routinization is the clear; rule-governed procedures used repeatedly for decision
Rationalization is an ever expanding process of ordering or organizing
Bureaucracy is a legal-rational organization or mode of administration that governs
with reference to rules and roles and which emphasizes meritocracy
Specialization is the process of making work consist of specific, delimited tasks
Taylorism are the methods of labour management introduced by Frederick Winslow
Taylor to streamline the processes of mass production in which each worker
repeatedly performs one specific task
Meritocracy is a society that bases status and mobility on individual attributes,
ability and achievement
Obedience to authority
The mailgram experiment is an experiment devised in 1961 by Stanley Milgram, a
psychologist in Yale University, to see how far ordinary people would go to obey a
scientific authority figure.
Authority, legitimacy, and the state
Power is the ability to carry out one's own will despite resistance
Domination is the probability that a command with specific content will be obeyed
by a given group of people
State is defined by Weber, "a human community that claims the monopoly of the
legitimate use of physical force within a given territory."
Coercion is the use of force to get others to do what you want
Paradox of authority, although the state's authority derives from the implicit threat
of physically force, resorting to coercion strips the state of all legitimate authority
The international state system is a system in which each state is recognized as
territorially sovereign by fellow states.
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