SOCIOL 2S06 Study Guide - Final Guide: Proletariat, Dialectic, Social Conflict

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Published on 17 Dec 2014
2S06 December 2 2014
“Quick Points:”
1-2 questions from the review which are on the exam
-review on avenue
First Term Lecture Review:
Emergence of Sociological Theory
The Enlightenment Influenced sociological theory
Reason and rationality, scientific, oriented
toward social change
The conservative reaction to the
enlightenment Influenced sociological theory
Traditional religious, oriented toward social
The Enlightenment thinkers> drew us to the scientific reality/approach
the thinkers of the enlightenment wanted to make the world a better place (social change)
Conservative reaction: Conservative theorists were religious, they held more traditional views
about society, didn’t feel the need to move society forward
In the Enlightenment: we see a key tension between these two views: the question of social order
and the question of social change
French Sociology Comte paved the way for Durkheim
German Sociology Hegal and Feuerbach paved the way for
Weber reacted to the work of Marx
-Comte believed we needed to pick up on natural science > that influenced Durkheim to
understand how we have to be OBJECTIVE in study, and focused on statistics, ex. Suicide
German Sociology: Hegal and Feruerbach paved the way for Marx’ ideas, talked about idealism,
dialectic, materialism = MARX PUT THIS TOGETHER in terms of “dialectical materialism”
-another important aspect was Weber: Weber responded to Marx’ ideas, he agreed and disagreed
with his ideas = sig. at this time MARX, DURKHEIM, WEBER= paving what is “sociology”
Biographies The lives of all three men affected their
theorectical ideas.
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Ex. All three lived during the industrial
revolution and wrote about the impact it
had on society
One interesting commonality: all lived at the time of the Industrial Revolution> affected what
they wrote
-ex. Took up the issues about an industrial society
- had an impact on their ideas
Analysis of Modern Industrial Capitalist
Society Marx (production, inequality and conflict
in capitalist society)
Durkheim: (organic solidarity in modern
society; normal, anomic, and forced
division of labor= different forms of labor
in modern society)
Weber (Protestantism and capitalist society
power and domination’ different forms of
authority(judicial, charismatic, rational
legal authority); rationalization and
Marx Durkheim
Orientation of Society Social conflict and social
change Social order and social
Historical Shifts in Society Changes in the basis for
social production Changes in the basis for
social solidarity
Individuals in Society Exploitation; different types
of alienation Anomie; different types of
Durkheim saw historical shifts like mechanical solidarity to social solidarity
Individuals in society: there work was very much oriented at the macro level of analysis
How they differ: Marx- individuals are the people who experience exploitation of the
capitalist system. According to Marx they also experience alienation, and we also discuss
how he saw different forms of alienation that these people see
Durkheim: he talked about anomie- the state of normalessness and how it
can affect individuals in particular ways/ Talked about different types of suicide, how it
depends on too much integration or not enough integration
talked about individuals in their macro level of ideas
Marx Weber
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