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SOCIOL 3U03- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 40 pages long!)

40 pages105 viewsWinter 2018

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCIOL 3U03
Professor
Randall Schnoor
Study Guide
Final

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McMaster
SOCIOL 3U03
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Socio 3UO3Sociology of SexualitiesWeek 2 Readings
Becker, Howard 1963 [1991], Labelling Theory(Reprinted in Constructions of Deviance.
2003 (eds.) Patricia A. Adler and Peter Adler, Belmont: CA, Wadsworth/Thomson
Learning, pp. 70-74)
Deviance: infraction of some agreed-upon rule
Social groups create deviance by making the rules whose infraction constitutes deviance
and applying those rules to particular people and labeling them as outsiders
How people respond to deviance has varied overtime
The degree to which an act is considered deviant depends on who commits the act and
who feels they have been harmed by it
The law does not treat people equally in terms of who creates a deviant act (black vs
white people)
We can’t know whether an act is deviant until the response from others have occurred
Once an individual commits a deviant act and people recognize it, society then changes
their status and refers to them as certain things i.e “lunatic”
Lemert, Edwin. 1951. Primary and Secondary Deviation(Reprinted in Social Deviance,
2005, Henry N. Pontell, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, pp. 74-77)
Behaviours may be seen as normal to the individual, but to the larger society it may
appear as pathological (ex. Delinquent children in society)
When a person begins to employ his deviant behaviour or a role based upon it as a means
of defense, attack, or adjustment to the overt and covert problems created by the
consequent societal reaction to him, his deviation is secondary
Deviations remain primary if they are rationalized or otherwise dealt with as functions of
a society acceptable role
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Sociology of SexualitiesWeek 3 Readings
The Homosexual Role
Homosexuality should be seen as a social role
Doesn’t exist in all societies and when it does exist it is not the same
Homosexuality is a condition in whether they have it or don’t have it—sometimes it’s
hard to tell if someone is actually a homosexual. What if they are bisexual?
What’s the etiology of homosexuality—is it innate or acquired
Homosexuality is all about social control
Homosexuals support the notion that homosexuality is a conditionit appears to
foreclose on the possibility of drifting back into normality and thus removes the element
of anxious choiceit justifies their behaviour
There’s certain expectations that non-homosexuals have for homosexuals
- The expectation that he will be effeminate in manner, personality, or preferred sexual
activity
- The expectation that sexuality will play a part of some kind in all his relations with
other men
- And the expectation that he will be attracted to boys and very young men and
probably willing to seduce them
The Role of Homosexuality in Various Societies
We study homosexuality in terms of secondary evidence, not direct observation
May lack reliability and validity because observers may have been distorted by their
disapproval
The Mohave Indians of California and Arizonaif a young boy began to behave like a
girl and take interest in women things then there was a initiation ceremony and became a
alyhaafter the boy could dress and act like a women and be referred to as “she” and
could take on “husbands”
no thought of being born homosexual. Although the passive partner, who demeans
himself by his feminine submission, is despised and ridiculed, while the active one is
not
The Aranda of Central Australia, there are long standing relationships for several years
duration, between unmarried men and young boys
The older man can have a wife as well
The Siwans of North Africa, all men and boys are expected to engage in homosexual
activities in every stage of their life
In all these societies there may be too much homosexual behaviours but there are no
“homosexuals”
The Development of the Homosexual Role in England
Different terms used to describe homosexuals “Nancy-boy” “fag”
In the seventeenth century homosexual transvestites were a distinct enough group to
be able to form their own clubs in London
In the nineteenth century there are more raided clubs and homosexual brothels
The homosexual role and homosexual behaviour
Role: refers to a cultural conception or set of ideas and also to a complex of institutional
arrangements which depend upon and reinforce these ideas. Arrangements= heterosexual
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