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[SOCPSY 1Z03] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (20 pages long!)Premium

20 pages67 viewsFall 2016

Department
Social Psychology
Course Code
SOCPSY 1Z03
Professor
Paul Glavin
Study Guide
Midterm

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McMaster
SOCPSY 1Z03
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Introduction* to*Social*Psychology
Dr.$Glavin
September$7th$and$9th,$2016
Social*Psychology:$the$systematic$study$of$the$nature$and$causes$of$human$social$
behaviour
-The$interplay$between$social$processes$and$the$individual
-Good$and$evil$reside$in$the$individual
Social$psychologist$in$the$50s
Obedience$to$authority$experiments
He$could$change$the$$compliance$rate$by$changing$subtle$features$of$the$
experiments$(e.g.$proximity,$the$person$who$was$in$charge)
Shock$experiment$;$estimated$that$5%$max$would$administer$the$shock$-->$over$
50%$did
-Stanley(Milgram
-Human$behaviour$has$a$strong$social$something
-Personality$alone$cannot$explain$human$nature$
-We$as$a$people$tend$to$overplay$individual$behaviours
They$rely$on$systematic$observation
Recognize$the$"power$of$the$situation"
-Social$psychologists$are$skeptical$of$personal$experience$as$a$means$to$understanding$
human$social$behaviour
Topics$of$Interest$to$Soc.$Psychologists
-Socialization$and$the$social$origins$of$the$self
-The$social$basis$to$perception$and$cognition
-Social$influence$and$persuasion
-Conformity$in$groups
-What$causes$aggressive$vs.$altruistic$behaviour?
-Social$roles$and$individual$behaviour
The$Four$Concerns$of$Soc.$Psych
Introduction*to*Social*Psychology
Wednesday,$ September$ 7,$2016
2:01$PM
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The$Four$Concerns$of$Soc.$Psych
1.)$The$impact$of$one$individual$on$another's$behaviour$and$beliefs$(Milgram)
2.)$The$impact$of$a$group$on$a$member's$behaviour$and$beliefs
3.)$The$impact$of$a$member$on$a$group's$activities$and$structure
4.)$The$impact$of$one$group$on$another$group's$activities$and$structures
Social$Psychology$and$Other$Fields
Sociological$social$psychologists$are$interested$in$the$relationship$between$
individuals$and$groups$and$broader$social$structures
Sociology:$the$scientific$study$of$the$development,$structure.$And$functioning$of$
human$society
Psychological$social$psychologists$are$concerned$with$iindividual$behaviour$and$
social$stimuli
Psychology:*the$scientific$study$of$the$individual$and$of$individual$behaviour
Social$Psych:$A$Social$Science
-Social$psychologists$examine$human$behaviour$and$the$social$world$by$following$a$
scientific$method
-They$make$systematic$observations$of$behaviours$and$formulate$theories$that$are$
subject$to$rest
-Skeptical$to$our$own$beliefs/observations$on$things$b/c$we$may$be$biased
Social$Psych$as$Science
Science:*a$systematic$enterprise$that$builds$and$organizes$knowledge$in$the$form$of$
testable$explanations$and$predictions$about$the$universe$and$predictions$about$the$
universe
Personal$experience
We$must$be$skeptical$
Problematic$b/c$it$may$not$always$apply$to$everyone
Social$psychologists$like$to$test$things$multiple$times$to$figure$out$the$truth
Don't$want$to$focus$on$commonsensical$knowledge$when$making$
generalized$statements$about$human$behaviour
Commonsensical$knowledge
Philosophy$
-The$scientific$method$versus
What$is$a$Theory?
Declares$something$will$happen$under$certain$conditions$and$a$explanation$for$it
-"A$set$of$interrelated$propositions$that$organizes$and$explains$observed$phenomena"
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