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SOCPSY 1Z03 Study Guide - Final Guide: Social Learning Theory, Observational LearningPremium

2 pages40 viewsFall 2016

Social Psychology
Course Code
Paul Galvin
Study Guide

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¬ how ppl learn/recreate social and cultural continuity
Types of socailization
primary socialization
happens when a child learns the values, norms, and behaviours that should be
displayed in order to live accordingly to a specific culture
eg. child hears father swear at old lady, now he thinks the behaviour is socially
secondary socialization
when a person learns appropriete social behaviour from a smaller group
eg. a highscool grad chooses business undergraduate program after
participating in a small group career seminar led by college busines major
wherein a person practices/rehearsals future social relationships
eg. a child anticipates parenthood as he observes his parents perform their
daily roles
involves rejecting previours behaviour paterns and replacing them w/ new ones so
the individual can shift from one part of his life to another
Perspectives on Socialization
developmental theory
children grow physically, devlop motor skills, and begin in various social behaviours
at relatively same times
social learning theory
a process of children learning the shared meanings of the groups in which they are
interpretive theory
socialization occurs primarily through social interaction - learning through
social structural
socialization is organized according to the seqeunce of social roles that individuals
occupy over their lifetime (son, student, parent, etc.)
The Case of Genie -
primary socialization largely absent
limited social interaction w/ paretns
confined to room and specific situations
key processes identified by social learning theory being absent
instrumental conditioning
shaping: gradually increase correspondance btwn the learner’s behaviour and
the desired response
external reinforcement vs internal reinforcement
observational learning
genie’s isolation meant little opportunity to observe behaviours
has little aptitude for the three components of language
1. phonology - sound system
2. lexicon - words and their associated meanings
3. grammar - rules for combining words
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