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SOCPSY 1Z03 Study Guide - Final Guide: Stanford Prison Experiment, Symbolic Interactionism, Balance Theory

7 pages190 viewsFall 2016

Social Psychology
Course Code
Paul Galvin
Study Guide

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Social Psychology Final Exam Review
Social Psychological Theories:
Role Theory: individuals have roles they are expected to carry out
Reinforcement theory: people are more likely to perform a behaviour if it is followed by
something pleasurable (reward system)
Conditioning: Relationship established between producing a response and receiving a
Stimulus: Any event that leads to a change in behaviour
Cognitive theory: mental activities are important determinants of social behaviour
Symbolic interaction theory: human nature and social order to productive of symbolic
communication among people
Socialization and the development of the self:
Taking on more roles, imaginatively occupying position of another person (role play)
Socialization: ways in which individuals learn
Attitudes shape behaviour and vice versa:
Social perception biases:
Social perception: constructing an idea understanding of the social world from the data
we get through our senses (the way we perceive things socially)
The poesses y hih e fo ipessios of othe peoples taits ad pesoalities
Biases: stereotypes, influences from others, schemas and prototypes
Obedience and authority:
People will almost always obey a figure of authority
Group influences on individual behaviour:
People are more likely to follow the crowd
Less likely to act individualistic out of fear of being judged/shamed or wrong
Collective Behaviour: individuals and crowds
Altruism and aggression:
Kitty Genovese:
Murdered in streets in broad daylight
There were witnesses, but nobody helped
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Any behaviour intended to harm another person
Target person wants to avoid this behaviour
Intention matters
Helping that is intended to provide aid to someone else without expectation of any
reward (except for a good feeling)
Instinct and evolution:
Aggression/altruism is instinctual
Freud innate urge to destroy
Social Learning:
Bandura doll study
Children learn aggressive behavior from their parents
Boy who experienced harsh parenting are more likely to be involved in violent dating
Applies Darwinism ideas to animal/human behaviour
Belief that human/animal behaviour can be partly explained as the outcome of natural
Learning explanations (violence and media)
Moderate positive correlations between watching tv and aggressive behaviour
Imitation, cognitive priming, legitimization, desensitization, arousal
Situational explanations (bystander effect, social norms)
Bystander effect (greater amount of bystanders, less likely any one bystander will help)
Factors to bystander effect: noticeability, interpretation, diffusion of responsibility
Social norms
Norms shape social behaviour
Shotland & straw experiment (fights between husband/wife; strangers)
People less likely to intervene between husband and wife
Norms associated with social roles shape meaning of the situation
Social responsibility norm: we should help others that are dependent on us
Norm of reciprocity: help those who help us
Norms and aggression: an eye for an eye
Pinker article (why is there peace?)
Decline of violence, appalled by violence in previous eras, and worked to end it
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