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SOCPSY 1Z03- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 24 pages long!)

24 Pages

Social Psychology
Course Code
Malanie Dani

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[SOCPSY 1Z03] Comprehensive fall guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at 1Z03 - Dr Malanie Dani [email protected] INTRODUCTION Definition: The systematic study of the nature and causes of human social behaviour. interplay between the individual aspects and traits and social process (do/ be good or bad?) Sociology and Psychology 1.Individuals and groups. Relationship and structures. 2.stimuli and behaviour theory: testable predictable FIVE THEORIES Theoretical Perspectives: 1.Role theory 行为和角色扮演息息相关: to change a person’s behaviour, it is necessary to change or redefine his or her role. 1. People spend much of their lives in groups and organisation and occupy distinct positions. 2. Role is a set of functions performed by the person for the group and the expectations of the group is norms 规范. 3. Individuals usually perform according to the norms and the group will check the performance to see if it conforms the norms. 4. Has difficulty to explain deviant behaviour and how role expectations originate and change. 2.Reinforcement theory 行为更偏向讨喜的并抑制厌弃的: People are more likely to perform a behaviour if it is followed by pleasurable or by the removal of something aversive. People will refrain from a particular behaviour if it is followed by something aversive or the removal of something pleasant. 1. Conditioning: 1. a relationship is established between emitting a response and receiving a reinforcement. 2. If a person emits a particular response and this response is then reinforced, the connection between response and reinforcement is strengthened. 2. STIMULUS - Response 1. Any event that leads to and alteration in behaviour is called a stimulus and the change in behaviour induced by a stimulus is called a response. 2. A reinforcement is any favourable outcome that results from a response. 3. Stimulus discrimination: when a person learns the exact conditions under which a response will be reinforced. 3. Cannot easily explain altruism and martyrdom. find more resources at
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