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SOCPSY 1Z03- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 67 pages long!)Premium

67 pages123 viewsSpring 2017

Department
Social Psychology
Course Code
SOCPSY 1Z03
Professor
Sarah Clancy
Study Guide
Final

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McMaster
SOCPSY 1Z03
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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SOCPSY 1Z03 Dr. Sarah Clancy (03/05/17)
An Introduction to Social Psychology C01
1
LECTURE 1: Introduction
WHAT IS SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY?
- “The systematic study of the nature and causes of human social behaviour” (Delamater et al., 2015: 3)
and includes:
o (1) Social behaviour
Behaviour (action), affect (emotion), and cognition (thoughts)
Not just what we do, but takes in our emotional response and how they are guided
Our cognitive learning process influences our social behaviour and it is an interdependent
behaviour and it’s influenced by our social environment
o (2) Nature and causes
What people do AND why they do it
Understand both sides of the issue and we are missing that rationale and motivation
o (3) Systematic study
Employs the scientific method and formal research methodologies
Research methods how can we understand social psychology
Through each lecture, we will look at different research studies
CORE CONCERNS OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
- There are 5 core concerns in social psychology
o (1) The impact of one person on another person
Relations with others impact thoughts, behaviours, attitudes, emotions and sentiments
Think about what we did before class waiting in the corridor, sitting outside those
benches, see first set of students, then we start to follow into our seats and so forth
Social psych why did we act that way? We saw other people doing it, and we saw it as
appropriate, but we don’t want to be the first one, it’s the connection between others
o (2) The impact that a group has on its individual members
Development of norms and values, process of socialization
Look at a school environment schools and teachers agents of socialization, how
does being a part of that group impact that individual
Connection between socialization and transmission
o (3) The impact of a member on a groups
Impact of group membership on individual and collective identity; how relationships
develop
Of interest of all theories ad perspectives, it’s really important as the subset of social
psychology
Who takes on a social role, and how individuals are stacked up against one another
How does it affect one group or another?
o (4) Impact of social context on individual and groups
Impact of group membership on individual and collective identity; how relationships
develop
Being a part of a core group collective how does it affect the group identity
The faculty we are a part of, signifies we are a member of a particular faculty, people can
visually identify not only yourself but being a part of that broader group collective
Rivalry between campus we have hard vs soft science (Biology versus Psychology)
They can act on their own, but different groups of values and beliefs
o (5) Impact of social context on individuals and groups
Role of socialization, adjusting to meaning and social cues
Different parts of socialization, how it impacts not only what we learn and values but
how we pick up on social cues
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SOCPSY 1Z03 Dr. Sarah Clancy (03/05/17)
An Introduction to Social Psychology C01
2
How is one particular behaviour more appropriate than another
THEORY VS. PERSPECTIVE
- A theory “… is a set of interrelated propositions that organizes and explains a set of observed
phenomena” (Delamater et al., 2015: 8)
o Relate to a series of events
o Middle-range theories refer to theories that identify the conditions that produce specific social
behaviour
- Theories will branch out
o If we look at theories of sociology, we have interpreted theories broad title
o Range of things to understand phenomenon, breaking down these perspectives
o There is social constructionism and symbolic constructionism
o Perspectives/concepts that exist, we are taking that broad understanding, and then we have some
other concepts that exist as well
- A theoretical perspective is broader than “middle-range theories” (Delamater, 2015:8):
o General explanations
o Establish a common ground to examine social phenomena
Propositions or tenants: application-type framework to understand something through an
objective mean
o Allows us to look objectively and see situations and events without judgement
Not imposing or subjective understanding, this is how we can study this social
phenomenon/behaviour, we are analyzing
o Provide a “frame of reference” (ibid: 8)
Common points/ideas we can go back to
Interpretive theories
Key points to understanding social behaviour
Change focus, for a structuralist approach, we have more objective frameworks, tenants
and principles to understand behaviour
DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE IN SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
- Boutilier et al., (1980) distinguishes two different types of schools of thought in social psychology:
- I. Psychological Social Psychology
o Main concern: cognition, motivation and psychological processes (ibid)
Understanding affect, focus on cognitive development the abilities and how it impacts
our behaviours, emotions and so forth
Cognitive perspective assert that person’s mental activities determine one’s social
behaviour (Delamater et al., 2017: 17; Operario & Fiske, 1999)
Solely focused on mental capabilities, looking at the development at what age
do children know at a cognitive level that they need to be potty-trained
Sociological study of cognitive ability, these are behaviours of pour cognitive
abilities
What happens when we develop certain cognitive skills and functions, how are
our behaviours and no development of certain cognitive functions
Evolutionary Perspectives examines the link between social behaviour and genetics
This would be the lesser known theoretical perspective, much more Darwinian
idea of survival of the fittest, how do they have these skills to survive and thrive
over other individuals
Our genes: genetic makeup and our social behaviour
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