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SOCPSY 1Z03 Midterm: Midterm 1 Review

7 Pages

Social Psychology
Course Code
Erica Speakman

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General Study Guide for 1Z03 Midterm Week 2 Introduction to Social Psychology - Definition of social psychology: the merging of two studies (turn on 20 century). Interest of psychology (emphasis on the individual) and sociology (emphasis on social structure). The systemic study of nature and causes of human social behaviour, study of thoughts, feelings, attitudes are shaped by the actual or imagines presence of others, what people do and why they do it - Core concerns of social psychology: o The impact one individual has on another: Purposeful or not, either explicitly (physically changing something they do or the way they think) or implicitly (without realising changes the way you think of yourself) o The impact a group has on its members Rules & norms (informal rules a group has that establish your behaviour). i.e. being in a catholic group means no sex before marriage, breaking these rules/norms makes group members uncomfortable o The impact that members have on groups they belong to See be seen during large scale events, LGBTQ individual, leadership in a group o The impact a group has on another group Intergroup conflict and the influence they have on one another (pro-trump vs anti-trump) o The impact of social context and social structure on groups and individuals Impact that society has on you, and what impact you have on society. When your favourite song comes on, where you are will dictate if you will sing or not, would you come to class drunk? - Predominant theoretical perspectives what they are and what are their limitations o Symbolic Interactionism Developed by Charles Horton Cooley and George Herbert Mead Termed by Blumer, a student of Cooley Understand the world as the product of everyday interactions of people People will act towards things based on the meaning they have for them, the meanings are derived through social interaction and NOT inherent. Meanings can be modified through social interaction, norms are changed over time, meanings are changing all the time - Looking Glass Self (Cooley) o How we perceive how others perceive us o Three elements: Imagine How we appear to others Imagine the other persons reaction to our appearance Respond with some sort of feelingo Group Processes 2 or more people, dependent on one another, rules & norms & power structures Social Exchange Theory: Formation & sustainability, termination of relations Cost-benefit ideology (reward system, do the rewards outweigh the costs) Subjective (tangible) - Social Status: the position that one holds in a society or group o Social Structure and Personality Social Structure: relationships between groups of individual, things that impact your personality Impacts the individual Social Institutions: family, school mass media, religion, social class o Cognitive Perspectives Intervening factor of external stimuli and behavioural responses Mental activities act as determinates of social behaviour Social Identity Theory: we take on a number of roles, found by Tajfel and Turner in the 70s and 80s, social structures guide our cognitive processes Mu
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