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WOMENST 1A03 Study Guide - Final Guide: Marital Rape, Thilo Sarrazin, Family Constellations


Department
Women's Studies
Course Code
WOMENST 1A03
Professor
Jennifer Askey
Study Guide
Final

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Women’s Studies 1A03 January 27th, 2015
GENDER AND THE NATION STATE
Pettman:
-Pg 176 in textbook
-Describes the state as “an abstraction thata refers to a set of relations,
practices, and institutions. They are not monolithic, uniform, or unitary. Each
state consists of a variety...”
Western Liberal Democratic State
-Pettman argues that this is an interventionist state it is:
-Bureaucratized (takes forever to have any governmental work done)
-Affects everyone in every aspect of life (constantly monitoring us and our
activities)
-The state is largely masculine in its assumption of elite male interests
and characteristics as the norm
-Feminist presence often marginalized and contained (i.e. conversation of
abortion)
-Heavily gendered (private female, public male)
-Legislation and policy it is implicated in the constructions of public and
private
Locke and Hobbes
-Used notions of difference such as women’s biological makeup, culture as
reasons for excluding women from the political sphere (i.e. they both address
women as “mothers” in their literature, which relegates her as the domestic)
Colonization
-Disrupted how other forms of nation could have been practiced (i.e. only
reinforced, or rather introduced, patriarchal systems)
-Imposition of European ideologies of the nation
-Not all men can access the state equally (i.e. less privileged could not get same
treatment from government - still exists today with trans and aboriginal
community)
-Decolonization; elite men pushed out colonial power but rarely dismantled the
colonial state apparatus (i.e. Cuba - rid themselves of colonization, had a
revolution, now women have gained a lot of equity)
Regulating Women
-Because the state relegates women to the private, they are disproportionately
affected by poverty and violence, and they are therefore more reliant on state
intervention
-Marital rape was not make illegal in Canada until 1983
-The most dangerous place for women and children is in the private sphere
(60% of sexual abuse is either in the victim or perpetrators home)
-To apply for CPP (pension) in Canada you must have worked - this is a problem
to senior women who were housewives their whole life (her childcare, elderly
care, cooking, cleaning, is not valued as labour)
-Though women rely heavily on the state, the state relies heavily on their unpaid
labour (without women doing all of the work in the private sector the state would
collapse with an economic burden)
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