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PSYC 3406- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 60 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3406
Professor
John Streukens
Study Guide
Midterm

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MRU
PSYC 3406
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

PSYC 3406 Lecture 1 Notes The Counselor: Person and Professional
The Effective Counsellor
The most important instrument you have is yourself
o You are a living example of who you are, and how you struggle to live up to your
is powerful
You need to be authentic, and don't hide behind your role as a counsellor
o Leaving your reactions and self out of your work may result in ineffective
counselling that will not benefit the client
Be a therapeutic person
o Be willing to grow, risk, care, and be involved in therapy sessions
Research on Psychotherapy Outcomes
There is a lot of research indicating the centrality of the person of the therapist and the
therapeutic relationship between counsellor and client as key factors in successful
therapy
The contextual factors, not the techniques, are the primary determinants of therapeutic
outcome
Counseling for the Counsellor
Being a client yourself can help you explore your motivations for being a counsellor,
countertransference, and other issues that are triggered by clinical work
It is important to the counsellors' personal and professional development
Commitment to personally examining our lives in order to inspire our clients to examine
their lives
The Counselor's Values
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Avoid value imposition either directly or indirectly
Invest time in exploring your personal values and recognize that you are not value-
neutral, that you have your own biases and experiences
Assist clients in creating goals and finding answers that are most congruent with their
own views and values
Managing Value Conflicts
Bracketing can be used to help manage value conflicts
Counsellors should not refuse to render services to clients because of differing values
Seek supervision from colleagues and supervisors to learn how to effectively manage
value differences with your clients
Becoming Multiculturally Competent
Become aware of your own biases, values, cultural norms, and expectations
Attempt to understand the world from your client's vantage point
Gain a knowledge of the dynamics of oppression, racism, discrimination, and
stereotyping
Study the historical background, traditions, and values of your client and be open to
learning from him or her
Expand your vantage point to explore your client's ways of life that are different from
your own
Develop an awareness of acculturation strategies
Issues Faced by Beginning Therapists
Dealing with anxieties (personal or therapeutical)
Being oneself and self-disclosing (when to self-disclose, when not to)
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