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VISC 1B02 Study Guide - Final Guide: Screen Printing, Judy Chicago, The Flies

Visual Studies
Course Code
Jessica Mace
Study Guide

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Unique Forms of Continuity in Space
Umberto Boccioni
Dada; 1913
Made of bronze
Showed figure in “dynamic motion”
Modernity shown by smooth, polished surfaces
It's like a piece of precision machinery
The Portuguese
Georges Braque
Analytic cubism; 1911-12
Portrait of a man
Cubism shattered the picture field, shattered perseptive
Introduces an element of time, it's like the viewer is walking
around and changing their perspective of what they see
Objective, absence of colour, absence of space, dry matte
surface, remove everything connected to emotion
Marcel Duchamp
Dada; 1917
It was art because he said it was art
Rejected artistic skill, made a mass produced item into a
He signed it not with his own name but with “R Mutt”
Can be read a number of ways, what goes into the urinal
Duchamp claimed that MUTT was the manufacturer of urinals
Child like signature and was done to make an anonymous submission to the society of
independent artists in NYC
Established to show new art, avant-garde art. This was too much though, they rejected
this piece of art for the exhibition

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Duchamp took this to the american photographer alfred stieglitz, it was exhibited in
stieglitz gallery for the duration of the photoshoot
Duchamp waged a war with retinal art, he believed that art made to please the eye was
pointless, art should not just be viewed at the surface (i think), art should be conceptual
This is a work of art bc the artists says it is, because it is displayed as art and this display
separates it from ordinary life.
Cut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Weimar
Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany
Hannah Höch
Dada; 1919
It takes no skill to do a photo montage, this emphasizes
the dehumanizing process
Complete political instability in Germany at the time
This collage has an incredibly long title, weimar is the
gov’t at the time,
Hannah is a dadaist who still believes in art
Dada artists can cut away the important stuff and get to
the centre of the matter
The top right represent anti dada
These are the officials and traditional art forms who are against the dada
Bottom right shows the support of the dada movement which is coming from feminism
In the centre there is a small cutout face
This collage, although it took no skill, has complex social and political commentary
Improvisation 20 (Second Version)
Vasily Kandinsky
German Expressionism; 1912
The blue rider
A group based in munich
Colour had a symbolic function rather than a descriptive
Yellow - sensual; red- brutal; etc
Kandinsky experienced synesthesia
He described the contents of his art as what the viewer feels while under the form
of colour
Kandinsky intended that the colour and line could be understood like music

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Artists begin to borrow from music
Kandinsky was influenced by Monet, in water lilies he saw the dematerialization of the
Kandinsky found the aim of art was to be concerned with the spiritual rather than the
Kandinsky called artists prophets
He said the role of the avant garde was to synthesize the spiritual through art
You can still see the real world in his paintings
Street, Berlin
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
German Expressionism;1913
The Bridge was a group of artists who composed
traditional art and they also reacted against impressionism
Impressionism was now fashion
Like matisse they were influenced by elements from
africa and oceania
This work takes an impressionist subject matter,
instead of representing the momentary, they depict the
alienating and disorienting experience of the modern scene
Everything is sharp, saturated, the ominous crowd
surrounds you
Black Square
Kazimir Malevich
Suprematism; 1915
Zero degree of form, that place which beyond
which there is nothing
The world could not reflect the world
It had to explore pure and non representational art
Malevich first showed his paintings at zero 10
This was an exhibition that took place in
st petersburg
The placement of his black square is in what's
called the icon corner in the exhibition
The icon corner is the place in a russian orthodox where the sacred page is
Russian orthodox still follow this tradition today
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